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Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits

Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits I n most everything we do, we find a “trick” to make the process easier and faster. After we develo...

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Friday, 25 September 2020

Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits

Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits

In most everything we do, we find a “trick” to make the process easier and faster. After we develop these tricks, they become work habits in our everyday activities. Developing everyday safety habits can keep you injury-free throughout the year. Here are 10 safety habits to live by: 

1. Set Your Own Standards : Don’t be influenced by others around you who are negative. If you fail to wear safety glasses because others don’t, remember the blindness you may suffer will be yours alone to live with.  

2. Operate Equipment Only if Qualified : Your supervisor may not realize you have never done the job before. You have the responsibility to let your supervisor know, so the necessary training can be provided.  

3. Respect Machinery : If you put something in a machine’s way, it will crush it, pinch it or cut it. Make sure all guards are in place. Never hurry beyond your ability to think and act safely. Remember to de-energize the power first, before placing your hands in a point of operation. 

4. Use Your Own Initiative for Safety Protection : You are in the best position to see problems when they arise. Ask for the personal protective equipment or additional guidance you need. 

5. Ask Questions : If you are uncertain, ask. Do not accept answers that contain, “I think, I assume, I guess.” Be sure.  

6. Use Care and Caution When Lifting : Most muscle and spinal injuries are from overstrain. Know your limits. Do not attempt to exceed them. The few minutes it takes to get help will prevent weeks of being off work and in pain.

7. Practice Good Housekeeping : Disorganized work areas are the breeding grounds for accidents. You may not be the only victim. Don’t be a cause.  

8. Wear Proper and Sensible Work Clothes : Wear sturdy and appropriate footwear. These should enclose the foot fully. Avoid loose clothing or dangling jewelry, and be sure that long hair is tied back and cannot become entangled in the machinery.  

9. Practice Good Personal Cleanliness : Avoid touching eyes, face and mouth with gloves or hands that are dirty. Wash well and use barrier creams when necessary. Most industrial rashes are the result of poor hygiene practices.  

10. Be a Positive Part of the Safety Team : Willingly accept and follow safety rules. Encourage others to do so. Your attitude can play a major role in the prevention of accidents and injuries.

Risk Assessment : The 5 Steps Approach

Risk Assessment : The 5 Steps Approach

Definition:

A hazard is anything that may cause harm, such as chemicals, electricity, working from ladders, an open drawer, etc;

 
The risk is the chance, high or low that somebody could be harmed by these and other hazards, together with an indication of how serious the harm could be.

In many organizations, the risk are well known and the necessary control measures are easy to apply.

How to access the risk in you workplace


The 5 Steps Approach

Step 1  -  Identify hazards.

Step 2  -  Assess the risks.

Step 3  -  Control the risks.

Step 4  -  Record findings.

Step 5  -  Review and update.


Step 1 – Identify hazards

  • Walk around your workplace and look at what could reasonably be expected to cause harm.
  • Ask your fellow colleagues what they think.  They may have noticed things that are not immediately obvious to you.
  • Check manufacturers’ instructions or data sheets for chemicals and equipment as they can be very helpful in spelling out the hazards and putting them in their true perspective.
  • Remember to think about long-term hazards to health (e.g. high levels of noise or exposure to harmful substances) as well as safety hazards.

 Step 2 – Assess the risks (Decide who might be harmed and how)

  • For each hazard you need to be clear about who might be harmed. 
    • It will help to identify the best way of managing the risk.
    • This doesn’t mean listing everyone by name, but rather identifying groups of people.
  • In each case, identify how they might be harmed.
    • What type of injury or ill health might occur.
    • e.g. Shelf stackers may suffer back injury from repeated lifting of heavy boxes.
 Step 3 – Control the risks (Evaluate the risk and decide precautions)
  • Having spotted the hazards, decide what to do about them.
    • The law requires to do everything ‘reasonably practicable’ to protect the people from harm.
    • Compare what you are doing with best practices.
  • Consider
    • Can the hazard be eliminate altogether?
    • If not, how to control the risks so that harm is unlikely?
  • When controlling risk, apply the principles below.
    • Try less risky option – e.g. switch to use less hazardous chemical.
    • Prevent access to hazard – e.g. by guarding.
    • Organize work to reduce exposure to the hazard – e.g. put barriers between pedestrians and traffic.
    • Issue PPE – e.g. clothing, footwear, goggles, etc.
    • Provide welfare facilities – e.g. first-aid and washing facilities for removal of contamination.
  • Involve staff ensure the proposal will work in practice and won’t introduce new hazards.
 
 Step 4 – Record findings and implement them
  • Write down the results of the risk assessment. 
  • Share them with the staff.
  • Keep the record simple, suitable and sufficient.
  • Plan for implementation.  
    • Immediate containment actions until more reliable control are in place.  
    • Long-term solutions to risks most likely to cause accidents or ill health.  
    • Long-term solutions to those risks with worst potential consequences.  
    • Arrangement for training.  
    • Regular checks to ensure control measures stay in place.
 
Step 5 – Review the risk assessment and update
  • Why review? 
    • Few workplace stays the same. 
  • Review assessment to determine if there have been changes or need improvements. 
  • Ensure the assessment stay up to date.