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Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits

Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits I n most everything we do, we find a “trick” to make the process easier and faster. After we develo...

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Showing posts with label Enhance Safety. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Enhance Safety. Show all posts

Friday, 25 September 2020

Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits

Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits

In most everything we do, we find a “trick” to make the process easier and faster. After we develop these tricks, they become work habits in our everyday activities. Developing everyday safety habits can keep you injury-free throughout the year. Here are 10 safety habits to live by: 

1. Set Your Own Standards : Don’t be influenced by others around you who are negative. If you fail to wear safety glasses because others don’t, remember the blindness you may suffer will be yours alone to live with.  

2. Operate Equipment Only if Qualified : Your supervisor may not realize you have never done the job before. You have the responsibility to let your supervisor know, so the necessary training can be provided.  

3. Respect Machinery : If you put something in a machine’s way, it will crush it, pinch it or cut it. Make sure all guards are in place. Never hurry beyond your ability to think and act safely. Remember to de-energize the power first, before placing your hands in a point of operation. 

4. Use Your Own Initiative for Safety Protection : You are in the best position to see problems when they arise. Ask for the personal protective equipment or additional guidance you need. 

5. Ask Questions : If you are uncertain, ask. Do not accept answers that contain, “I think, I assume, I guess.” Be sure.  

6. Use Care and Caution When Lifting : Most muscle and spinal injuries are from overstrain. Know your limits. Do not attempt to exceed them. The few minutes it takes to get help will prevent weeks of being off work and in pain.

7. Practice Good Housekeeping : Disorganized work areas are the breeding grounds for accidents. You may not be the only victim. Don’t be a cause.  

8. Wear Proper and Sensible Work Clothes : Wear sturdy and appropriate footwear. These should enclose the foot fully. Avoid loose clothing or dangling jewelry, and be sure that long hair is tied back and cannot become entangled in the machinery.  

9. Practice Good Personal Cleanliness : Avoid touching eyes, face and mouth with gloves or hands that are dirty. Wash well and use barrier creams when necessary. Most industrial rashes are the result of poor hygiene practices.  

10. Be a Positive Part of the Safety Team : Willingly accept and follow safety rules. Encourage others to do so. Your attitude can play a major role in the prevention of accidents and injuries.

Friday, 10 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 10 : Working at Elevations.


Working at Elevations

Toolbox Talk # 10

Working at Elevations

Injuries from falls are one of the most common and severe workplace accidents. Employees
must understand how to identify fall hazards and the ways they can protect themselves.

Areas Where Fall Hazards Exist:
Any height greater than 4 feet is considered a hazard and must be protected. This includes:

  • Roofs
  • Floor Openings 
  • Loading Docks 
  • Work Platforms
Ways to Protect Employees from Fall Hazards:

The most effective way to protect employees from falls is by eliminating the hazard. Passive
systems such as guardrails and covers remove the employee’s exposure to the hazard.



Passive System Administrative Controls Active Systems

Guardrails Covers  Boundary Lines Signs
/ Access Control
Fall Arrest Systems
Positioning Systems
Protection Level Best Fair Fair
Training Needed Low High High
Maintenance Low Medium High
Employee Effort Low High High

Fall protection equipment must be used and cared for properly:


Guardrails-
  • Always work within the confines of the guardrail
  • Must meet design requirements (spacing, height, etc.)
Floor Hole/Opening Covers-
  • Must support the intended load or at least 182 Kg (400 lbs). {9072 Kg (20,000 lbs). if vehicle traffic}
  • Must lay even with the floor; protruding covers create a tripping hazard

Boundary Lines System-
  • Must be erected 6 feet from the edge of the roof or fall hazard.
  • Only used in certain roofing activities.
  • Must be 34 inches high and visible in all weather conditions

Safe Work Distances-
  • Minimum distance of 15 feet to the edge – travel within 15 feet will require fall protection
  • Pathway must be clearly marked and employees need to be trained
  • This is a best management practice
Personal Fall Arrest System-
  • Inspect lanyard, harness, rings and other components before each use
  • Inspect anchors annually and have them tested every 10 years
  • Ensure the lanyard is the correct length for the height you will be working at
  • Must train employees on how to use, inspect and maintain fall arrest equipment
  • Replace equipment that is damaged or subjected to loads from a fall

Thursday, 9 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 09 : MEANS OF EGRESS

Emergency Exit

Toolbox Talk # 09

MEANS OF EGRESS


Emergency Evacuation Drill Procedures:
  • Employees are required to evacuate during emergency evacuation drills
    • The primary functions of these drills are:
    • Ensure fire protection equipment is operating properly
  • Employee training on how to properly evacuate
  • When the alarm sounds, employees are to safely and promptly evacuate the building using a designated evacuation route.
  • Once outside the building, proceed to the emergency meeting site.
Discovering a Fire or Smoke at Work: 

Remember R.A.C.E.
  • RELOCATE- If it is safe to do so, relocate people in immediate danger. Instruct others to report to their designated gathering areas. Be aware of persons who may need assistance.
  • ALARM- Pull the building fire alarm to alert others. Move to a safe location. Call 108 immediately,and report the precise location of the fire
  • CONFINE- Close all doors, windows and other openings to confine the fire, if this can be done safely.
  • EVACUATE- Evacuate building. Do not use elevators. Go to your area of refuge outside at meeting site.

Fire Rated Stairwells:
  • Materials storage is prohibited in all fire rated stairwells.
  • Each fire door including frame and hardware must be listed or approved by a nationally recognized testing facility.
  • Employees must be able to open an exit route door from the inside at all times without keys, tools, or special knowledge.
  • Fire doors are only allowed to be held open by magnet door holds.
    • Remove all door wedges, latches, coat hangers, fire extinguishers, etc. that are being used to hold doors open.
    • Fire doors must be able to close fully on their own.
Exit Route Capacity:
  • The ceiling of an exit route must be at least seven feet six inches (2.3 m) high.
  • An exit access must be at least 28 inches (71.1 cm) wide at all points. Where there is only one exit access leading to an exit or exit discharge, the width of the exit and exit discharge must be at least equal to the width of the exit access.
  • Objects that project into the exit route must not reduce the width of the exit route to less than the minimum width requirements for exit routes.

Wednesday, 8 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 08 : MACHINE GUARDING

Toolbox Talk # 08
Machine Guarding


MACHINE GUARDING

Guarding involves protecting ourselves from machines and equipment in our work environment.

Basic Terminology:

Parts of the Machine Requiring Guarding
  • Point of Operation: Area where machine performs work on material 
  • Power Transmission Apparatus: Belts, gears, flywheels, chains, pulleys, spindles, couplings, cams, machine components that transmit energy. 
  • Other Moving Parts: Reciprocating, rotating, traversing motions, auxiliary machine parts.
Types of Mechanical Motion that Must be Guarded:
  • Pinch Points: Points at which it is possible to be caught between moving parts, or between moving and stationary parts of a piece of equipment 
  • Rotating: Circular motion of shafts with a protrusion sticking out can grip clothing or pull body part into point of operation 
  • Reciprocating: Back-and-forth or Up-and-Down motion that may trap/ strike an employee between the moving object and a fixed object. 
  • Traversing: Movement in straight, continuous line that may strike or catch an employee in a pinch or shear point between a moving and fixed object. 
  • Cutting: Action of sawing, boring, drilling, milling, slicing 
  • Punching: Action resulting when a machine moves a slide (ram) to stamp a sheet of metal or other material. 
  • Shearing: Movement of a powered slide or knife during metal trimming or paper cutting 
  • Bending: action occurring when power is applied to a slide to draw or form metal or other materials

Common Machines That Require Machine Guards:
  • Circular Saw 
  • Reciprocating Saw 
  • Band Saw 
  • Jointer
  • Power Feed Planer 
  • Shaper 
  • Lathe 
  • Sander
  • Drill Press 
  • Grinding Wheels 
  • Mechanical Power Press
  • Mortising Machine

Group Discussion Topics:
  • Identify the machines in your shop or that you use that require machine guarding.
  • How could someone be injured by using these machines? How can this be prevented?
  • Inspect your machines to ensure the guards are correctly positioned, intact and in place.

Tuesday, 7 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 07 : LOCKOUT - TAGOUT

Toolbox Talk # 07


Lockout Tagout

LOCKOUT - TAGOUT


Lockout - Tagout requirement needed to control hazardous energy while servicing or performing maintenance on machinery or other equipment.

Types of Hazardous Energy:
  • Electrical 
  • Mechanical 
  • Gravitational 
  • Thermal
  • Hydraulic 
  • Pneumatic 
  • Chemical
When are Lockout - Tagout Procedures Required:
  • Servicing/performing maintenance on energized equipment
  • Any form of work on equipment when safety guards or measures are bypassed
  • Any form of work which requires the individual to place any part of their body in the point of operation or designated danger zone 
When Are Lockout -Tagout Procedures Not Required:
  • Minor tool changes or adjustments (i.e. blade and bit changes, table saw adjustments)
  • Cord and plug controlled devices (i.e. portable power tools)
  • Routine, repetitive changes or adjustments that are integral to the use of the equipment; provided the work is performed using alternative measures that provide effective protection
Lockout - Tagout Definitions:
  • Affected Employee: An employee whose job requires them to operate or use a piece of equipment that is affected by the Lockout - Tagout or is working in the area where the maintenance/service is being performed
  • Authorized Employee: A trained employee who locks out or tags out equipment to perform maintenance/service.
  • Supervisor: The manager/supervisor of the Authorized Employee
  • Lockout: The placement of a lockout device on an energy isolating device that ensures the equipment controlled by that energy isolating device cannot be operated until the lock is removed.
  • Tagout: The placement of a tag on an energy isolating device notifying individuals of the work being performed. Harvard University policy never allows just a tag to be affixed to the energy isolating device, a lock and tag must be used anytime equipment needs to be de-energized and serviced

Stored or Residual Energy:
  • Examples of stored or residual energy: Capacitors, springs, elevated components,rotating flywheels, hydraulic systems, and air, gas, steam water pressure etc. 
  • Methods of Dissipating or Restraining: Grounding, repositioning, bleeding,blocking etc.
When Can Harvard Employees work on Energized Equipment:
Never– Employees are required to de-energize equipment in accordance with the organization Lockout - Tagout: Control of Hazardous Energy Standard

Monday, 6 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 06 : LIFTING SAFETY

Toolbox Talk # 06

Manual Material Lifting

Back injuries are one of the most common injuries found at most of the workplace
. With this Toolbox Talk we will address proper lifting techniques, how to reduce the risk of a back injury and some other general safety tips.

Preparation:
  • Ensure that you are wearing proper clothing and PPE
    • Steel toe shoes should always be worn when lifting heavy items
    • Gloves are also recommended when lifting certain objects
  • Stretch before you attempt to lift a heavy object or at beginning of shift
  • If possible, store materials at waist height to reduce the strain on your back
  • Have materials delivered as close to final destination as possible
  • Assess the object you are going to be lifting
    • Determine the weight of the object before lifting
    • Determine best place to grip the object
  • Ensure that your travel path is free of slipping and tripping hazards
  • Know your own lifting restrictions and capabilities

Get Help:
  • Use carts, dollies, forklifts and hoists to move materials
  • When lifting a load more than 22kg (50 lbs), get help from an other worker
  • Use carrying tools with handles to carry odd-shaped loads
Proper Lifting Techniques:
  • Have your feet spread about shoulders-width apart.
  • Your feet should be close to the object.
  • Get a firm grip on the object.
  • Keep your back straight and elbows close to your body.
  • Keeping your back straight and head up, straighten your legs to lift object
  • At the same time tighten your stomach muscles to provide back support (Don’t hold your breath while doing this)
  • While carrying the object DO NOT twist or bend at the waist, move your feet and legs when turning.
  • Keep the load as close to your body as possible
  • To set the object down, use the same technique used to lift the object 

Other Useful Safety Tips:
  • Take your time! You are more likely to be injured when you are tired or cold
  • Lift as smoothly as possible, try not to “jerk” the lift
Group Discussion Topics:
  • Has anyone had a back injury? How could this have been prevented?
  • Are there common objects which you find yourself lifting frequently? Do you have specific procedures for lifting these objects?
  • Do you have access to material handling equipment? If no, can you obtain them?

Sunday, 5 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 05 : HAND & POWER TOOLS

Toolbox Talk # 05

Hand Power Tools

HAND & POWER TOOLS


Often times we overlook the hazards associated with the common tools that are used on a daily basis. With this talk we hope to bring some awareness to the potential hazards of these tools and how to minimize these hazards.

Training:
  • Each employee using hand and portable power tools must receive initial training and an annual refresher.

Pre-Inspection Use (Done before every use):
  • Damaged or cracked housing, power source, or bits/accessories
  • Dull blades are often more dangerous than sharp blades
  • Missing guards or protective devices
  • Leaking gasoline, oil or other fluids
  • Tool appears to be in poor condition
  • Does the tool have a 3 wire cord, if not is it double insulated?
  • Ensure area is free of any potential trip hazards
  • Do not underestimate the importance of a clean work area

Proper Use:
  • Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE
  • You should always wear eye protection
  • Use the proper tool for the job
  • Follow the manufacturer’s instructions
  • If unsure about use, ask a supervisor or coworker for clarification
  • Insure tools are not pointed at or operated in close proximity to other individuals.
  • Use spark resistant tools when working near a fuel source
  • Do not use excessive force to cut/drill through hard materials
  • Gasoline/Mixed Fuel Powered Tools must be off and cool when re-fueled, use only in well ventilated areas.
  • If you need to use a gas/mixed fuel powered tool indoors please contact supervisor / Safety department prior to use.

Storage:
  • Drain fluids (gasoline) if equipment will be in storage for an extended period of time
  • De-energize tool prior to storage (includes removing air pressure, hydraulic pressure and removing loads).
  • Store electric tools in dry areas
  • Store flammables in accordance with applicable regulations.
 Group Discussions:
  • Has anyone in the group been injured by a power tool or had a close call? How could this injury have been prevented.
  • What tools present the greatest hazard in your work environment? How can you minimize these risks?
  • Are there any tools that need to be repaired or discarded? If so take time to do this immediately after the talk

Saturday, 4 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 04 : FIRE SAFETY

Fire Safety

Toolbox Talk # 4

FIRE SAFETY

Basic fire safety knowledge is an important skill that can save your life on or off the job. Here we will breakdown basic characteristics of a fire, important fire safety tips, what to do if you find yourself involved with a fire and some discussion points for your group.

Characteristics of Fire
  • To support fire, you must have; HEAT, FUEL, OXYGEN, and SUSTAINED CHEMICAL REACTION
  • A small fire can grow out of control in as little as 30 seconds.
  • A room involved with a fire can have a temperature of 100°C at floor level and 600°C at eye level. In less than 5 minutes a room can flash over.
  • Fire starts bright but will quickly turn the room pitch black from releasing smoke and toxic gases. Be familiar with your surroundings and evacuation routes!

Fire Safety Tips
  • An important fire safety tip is to look for and eliminate any potential fire hazards before they become a reality!
  • Know where pull stations and extinguishers are located.
  • Time is the biggest enemy, get out of the building!
  • If a fire, pull nearest fire alarm if possible, if not, call for help from a safe location
    outside.
  • If smoke, stay as low to the ground as possible.
  • If safe, close all doors behind you as you leave the building.
    Don’t use the elevator for evacuation because the shaft can act as a chimney. Elevators also present an entrapment hazard if they fail.
  • Never return to a burning building.
Group Discussion Topics
  • Identify all “High Risk” areas in your facilities.
    • Where are the nearest fire extinguishers, pull stations, and your buildings primary and secondary evacuation routes?
    • Can these areas be modified to eliminate or lessen the potential risk?
  • Most fires occur between 1:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m. Brainstorm what causes this and how you could address these issues.
  • Identify if anyone has seen any close calls or fires during their tenure. How were those situations handled, good or bad?
  • Ask the group to list any unanswered fire safety questions or concerns that they may have and submit to safety department for assistance.

Friday, 3 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 03 : DEFENSIVE DRIVING

Toolbox Talk # 3

Defensive Driving

DEFENSIVE DRIVING


In all cases, while operating a motor vehicle, drivers should practice defensive driving techniques. Defensive driving is the art of driving so as to prevent and avoid traffic crashes, regardless of the unsafe conditions and actions created by other drivers and adverse road and or weather conditions.

A good defensive driver will practice the following eight techniques:
  1. Glance well ahead in the direction of travel. Look 2 or 3 vehicles ahead to observe driving conditions in front of you. This allows you to consider a condition before you reach it.
  2. Get the “big picture”; learn to see the entire roadway. Sweep the scene, sides and back. Avoid “tunnel vision”. Keep your eyes moving; Position vehicle slightly offset to traffic to increase your field of vision.
  3. Always allow an escape route, leave a cushion by slowing or moving ahead of the vehicles beside you.
  4. Keep your vehicle visible and signal your intentions early.
  5. When stopped prior to making right/left turns across incoming traffic leave wheels straight to prevent being pushed into oncoming traffic in the event of a rear-end crash.
  6. When entering intersections practice looking left/right/left. Be sure to come to a full stop before proceeding.
  7. Learn to compensate for hazards such as weather, debris, potholes, loose gravel, or sand.
  8. ALWAYS maintain a cautious driving attitude. Remember, when entering a Rotary that Massachusetts law requires you to yield to vehicles already in the Rotary.

Thursday, 2 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 02 : COMPUTER ERGONOMICS


Ergonomics

Toolbox Talk # 02

COMPUTER ERGONOMICS

Computer-based technology has become indispensable in most offices. Along with the proliferation of the technology, concern about healthy, safe, and comfortable use of computers has emerged.

Symptoms:
  • Muscular Discomfort– pain, aching, loss of coordination, numbness,and stiffness
  • Eye Strain- headaches, dizziness, nausea

Preventative Ergonomic Guidelines:

Monitor Configuration:
  • Depth– The monitor should be arms length away from you while seated.
  • Height- The toolbar at the top of the screen should fall just below eye level, this allows the user to view the screen without causing neck strain from repetitive moving.
Keyboard and Mouse Configuration:
  • Keyboard- The keyboard should be set to a height so your forearms are parallel to the floor and make a 90° to 110° angle with the upper arm. This should allow you to freely type without resting your wrists on ANY hard or soft surface. Most desks require an adjustable keyboard tray to accomplish this.
  • Mouse- The mouse should be located on the same plane as the keyboard (keyboard trays should have a mouse caddy to accommodate the mouse). Determine which mouse causes the least strain on your wrist (conventional, trackball, etc).
Chair Configuration:
  • Depth (Seat Pan)- The seat pan should leave roughly a 2-3 finger space between the end of the seat and the back of your legs.
  • Height- The chair should be at a height that allows you to place your feet flat on the floor with your thighs perpendicular to your lower legs.
  • Lumbar Support- The lumbar support on the chair should contour and rest against the small of your back.
  • Backrest Tilt- The Backrest should be at a 90° to 110° angle when typing.
Preventative Exercise:
  • Get up and walk around to stretch your legs for a few minutes on an as needed basis.
  • Stretch- wrist, arms, and back periodically while at your workstation.

Wednesday, 1 April 2020

Toolbox Talk # 01 : BASIC ELECTRICAL


Electrical Safety

Toolbox Talk # 01 

BASIC ELECTRICAL


With this toolbox talk we will shed light upon basic electrical safety geared towards non-electricians.

Extension cords/Power Strips
  • Extension cords should not be used in place of permanent wiring.
  • Ensure that cords are in proper working condition (the outer insulation should not be cracked/broken, the ground pin needs to be intact). Discard unsafe extension cords.
    • Only licensed electricians are authorized to replace plugs, or splice cords.
    • Extension cords need to be protected from motor vehicles, fork lifts, pallet jacks, heavy pedestrian traffic, etc.
  • Power strips should not be permanently mounted to a wall or any other structure, even if the power strip has specific mounting fittings.
  • Power strips or extension cords should not be connected to each other. Doing this can overload the circuit creating a potential fire hazard.
Circuit Overload Protection Devices:

These devices are designed to protect the wiring in a house/building and to prevent a potential fire.

Fuses- Break the circuit when too much current is flowing through the circuit. A small conductor inside the fuse heats up and melts when it reaches a specific temperature.

Circuit Breakers- As current increases in the circuit, an electromagnet inside the breaker generates increased magnetic force, eventually being great enough to pull the switch on the breaker from the “on” to the “off” position.

Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters
  • GFCIs are designed to protect people from an electric shock.
  • A GFCI works by detecting a current drop from the hot to the neutral wiring in a circuit. The GFCI detects energy that is escaping the circuit.
  • GFCIs should be installed wherever a water hazard is present.
  • You will commonly find GFCI plugs on hairdryers, wet vacs, etc.
  • GFCIs can be at the breaker, the outlet, incorporated with the plug of the appliance/piece of equipment, or part of a short extension cord.

Other common Electrical Safety Issues
  • Discard any piece of equipment that gives you even the slightest shock. If the resistance through your body is lowered i.e. standing in water or touching metal, even the slightest shock can be deadly.
  • Never use electrical equipment in or around water.
  • Junction boxes and electrical panels need to have proper covers in place to conceal all wiring.
  • Hard wiring should not be exposed/accessible to non-electrical employees.