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Showing posts with label PPE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label PPE. Show all posts

Thursday, 8 August 2019

Respirators Protection

Personal Protective Equipment: 

Respirators



Generally: No respiratory program is required when filtering - face piece respirators are the only respirator used and they are used voluntarily.
    • Respirators will be worn when the employee is exposed to hazards such as fumes, gases, mists, vapors and sprays
    • Fit testing shall occur prior to allowing an employee to wear the respirator.
    • Employees should be fit tested at minimum of annually to ensure the employee is putting on the respirator properly.
    • Respirators shall be kept in a sanitary condition, covered at all times when not in use.
    •  Respirator training should be conducted prior to wearing the respirator for the first time.
Company Specific: We want all our line employees to:
  • Inspect the respirator before each use.
  • Know how to properly don/fit their respirator.
  • Conduct a positive pressure or negative pressure check with each use.
  • Report any and all problems to your supervisor.
  • Take proper care of the respirator.
  • Never hang respirator on a nail or leave exposed to dust.

The reason we wear respirator is to protect our lungs and bodies against hazardous fumes, gases, mists, vapors or sprays.

Hand Protection

Personal Protective Equipment : 

Hand Protection


Someone commented that the “hands and fingers are the instruments of the mind.” If that is true, it must become very difficult to be productive when your hands are injured or lost as a result of an accident. Whatever the construction craft, a worker must be able to use both hands in order to get the job accomplished.

Causes of Hand Injuries:
  • Inattention.
  • Taking chances.
  • Exposure to rough materials.
  • Stacking of heavy materials (i.e., getting your hand or fingers caught between materials).
  • Cut by sharp objects.
  • Mashed (or hit by) tools.
  • Burns.
  • Caught in machinery.
How to Protect Your Hands:
  • Wear gloves whenever possible.
  • Pay attention to the task being performed.
  • Use the proper tools.
  • Make sure any equipment used has hand guards in place.

Should any injuries occur to your hands, be use to get immediate treatment. Without treatment, a minor cut can turn into a major problem with infection.

Your hands may look tough, but when you get scratches, cuts, bruises or mashed that seriously injure your hands, you take a chance of losing them. In this business you can’t work without them.

Eye Protection

Personal Protective Equipment

Eye Protection


The protection of your sight requires three extremes: extremely easy, extremely important, and too often, extremely forgotten. Once you have lost an eye or your ability to see, it’s too late. Protecting your eyes is the easiest thing to do, if you care about your eyes.

Types of Eye Injuries
  • Small flying objects such as dust or other microscopic objects.
  • Particles resulting from chipping, grinding, sawing, brushing, hammering or using power tools (including nail guns). (These items move with the speed of a bullet and can permanently damage your eyes.)
  • Liquids such as chemicals, tar, asphalt solvents, paints or masonry cleaning solutions.
  • Invisible light rays such as those generated by welding operations or by a laser beam.
Methods of Protection
  • Safety glasses
  • Safety goggles
  • Face shields
  • Welding hoods

Important Notes : There are many kinds of safety glasses or goggles available on the market; some are really cool. Eye injuries occur in a split second. Don’t blind yourself to the necessity of protecting your eyes.

Foot Protection

Personal Protective Equipment: 

Foot Protection

Foot protection is probably about the least talked about type of personal protection. Nevertheless, it is still an important safety topic. One nail puncture could cause weeks of lost time off the job.

Characteristics of a Suitable Boot
  • Puncture resistant soles.
  • Steel toes.
  • Boot extends above the ankle.
  • Sole provides good traction.
Type of Injuries Commonly Resulting from Poor Footwear


  • Punctures from nails and tie wire.
  • Bruises of the foot.
  • Unsure footing.
  • Blisters.
  • Body fatigue.
  • Mashing of foot resulting from dropped objects.
Other Acceptable Footwear
  • Buckle Overshoes – for work in mud, water and concrete.
  • Knee and Hip boots – for work in deep water and mud.
(Encourage use of rubber boots when placing concrete. Sometimes we forget concrete can cause severe burns if it comes into contact with the skin for any length of time.)

Important Note : Almost all of us work on our feet or at least use our feet to get to work. Doesn’t it make sense to take good care of our feet in order to insure that they are able to get us to work?

Head Protection

Personal Protective Equipment: 

Head Protection

There are some practical reasons for wearing a hard hat. They help keep your head cooler in summer; dry during rain; and helps shield your ears from noise. But the main reason to wear a hard hat is that it protects the control center part of your body—your head.


What a Hard Hat Does


  • Protects you from falling objects.
  • Protects your head in case of a fall or bump’s into machinery, duct work and the like.
  • Protects you from electrical shocks and burns if it's a non-conductive hat.
  • It is a neat place to put stickers and decals, especially first aid trained or safety committee member.

Proper Care: In order for your hard hat to take care of you, you need to care for your hat.
  • Always keep your hard hat properly adjusted.
  • Do not cut, bend or heat the hard hat.
  • When you see deep gouges or cracks in the shell, or the hat color turns dull, its time for a new one.
Proper Wear:


  • Do not wear it backwards.
  • Don’t put anything inside your hard hat except your head.
  • Don’t try to substitute it for a “bump cap.” The bump cap will not provide adequate protection from falling objects; just isn’t strong enough.
  • It is not a stool or a step; doing so weakens the shell of the hard hat.
When working on scaffolding and exposed to falling objects, a hard hat must be worn.

Important Note:  

The average hard hat weighs about 14 ounces. The average head weighs about 14 pounds. That’s about one ounce of protection for each pound of head. A small price to pay to protect the control center of your body.

PPE: Personal Protective Equipment



Personal Protective Equipment 

Definition: Specialized clothing or equipment worn by employees for protection against health and safety hazards. Personal protective equipment is designed to protect many parts of the body, i.e., eyes, head, face, hands, feet, and ears.
Purpose: PPE is equipment that will protect the user against health or safety risks at work. It can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes respiratory protective equipment (RPE).

Why is PPE important?
Making the workplace safe includes providing instructions, procedures, training and supervision to encourage people to work safely and responsibly.


Even where engineering controls and safe systems of work have been applied, some hazards might remain. These include injuries to:
    Image result for ppe definition
  • the lungs, eg from breathing in contaminated air
  • the head and feet, eg from falling materials
  • the eyes, eg from flying particles or splashes of corrosive liquids
  • the skin, eg from contact with corrosive materials
  • the body, eg from extremes of heat or cold
PPE is needed in these cases to reduce the risk.

What do I have to do?

  • Only use PPE as a last resort
  • If PPE is still needed after implementing other controls (and there will be circumstances when it is, eg head protection on most construction sites), you must provide this for your employees free of charge
  • You must choose the equipment carefully (see selection details below) and ensure employees are trained to use it properly, and know how to detect and report any faults

Selection and use

You should ask yourself the following questions:
  • Who is exposed and to what?
  • How long are they exposed for?
  • How much are they exposed to?
When selecting and using PPE:
  • Choose products which are CE marked in accordance with the Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 
  • Choose equipment that suits the user – consider the size, fit and weight of the PPE. If the users help choose it, they will be more likely to use it
  • If more than one item of PPE is worn at the same time, make sure they can be used together, eg wearing safety glasses may disturb the seal of a respirator, causing air leaks
  • Instruct and train people how to use it, eg train people to remove gloves without contaminating their skin. Tell them why it is needed, when to use it and what its limitations are

Other advice on PPE

  • Never allow exemptions from wearing PPE for those jobs that ‘only take a few minutes'
  • Check with your supplier on what PPE is appropriate – explain the job to them
  • If in doubt, seek further advice from a specialist adviser

Maintenance

PPE must be properly looked after and stored when not in use, eg in a dry, clean cupboard. If it is reusable it must be cleaned and kept in good condition.
Think about:
  • using the right replacement parts which match the original, eg respirator filters
  • keeping replacement PPE available
  • who is responsible for maintenance and how it is to be done
  • having a supply of appropriate disposable suits which are useful for dirty jobs where laundry costs are high, eg for visitors who need protective clothing
Employees must make proper use of PPE and report its loss or destruction or any fault in it.



Image result for Lung protection ppe
Monitor and review

  • Check regularly that PPE is used. If it isn’t, find out why not
  • Safety signs can be a useful reminder that PPE should be worn
  • Take note of any changes in equipment, materials and methods – you may need to update what you provide

Types of PPE you can use

Eyes

Hazards 
Chemical or metal splash, dust, projectiles, gas and vapour, radiation
Options 
Safety spectacles, goggles, face screens, faceshields, visors
Note 
Make sure the eye protection chosen has the right combination of impact/dust/splash/molten metal eye protection for the task and fits the user properly

Head and neck

Hazards 
Impact from falling or flying objects, risk of head bumping, hair getting tangled in machinery, chemical drips or splash, climate or temperature
Image result for head protection ppeOptions 
Industrial safety helmets, bump caps, hairnets and firefighters' helmets
Note
Some safety helmets incorporate or can be fitted with specially-designed eye or hearing protection
Don't forget neck protection, eg scarves for use during welding
Replace head protection if it is damaged

Ears

Image result for Ear protection ppeHazards 
Noise – a combination of sound level and duration of exposure, very high-level sounds are a hazard even with short duration
Options 
Earplugs, earmuffs, semi-insert/canal caps
Note
Provide the right hearing protectors for the type of work, and make sure workers know how to fit them
Choose protectors that reduce noise to an acceptable level, while allowing for safety and communication

Hands and arms

Hazards 
Abrasion, temperature extremes, cuts and punctures, impact, chemicals, electric shock, radiation, vibration, biological agents and prolonged immersion in water
Image result for Hand protection ppeOptions 
Gloves, gloves with a cuff, gauntlets and sleeving that covers part or all of the arm
Note
Avoid gloves when operating machines such as bench drills where the gloves might get caught
Some materials are quickly penetrated by chemicals – take care in selection
Barrier creams are unreliable and are no substitute for proper PPE
Wearing gloves for long periods can make the skin hot and sweaty, leading to skin problems. Using separate cotton inner gloves can help prevent this

Feet and legs

Image result for Leg protection ppeHazards 
Wet, hot and cold conditions, electrostatic build-up, slipping, cuts and punctures, falling objects, heavy loads, metal and chemical splash, vehicles
Options 
Safety boots and shoes with protective toecaps and penetration-resistant, mid-sole wellington boots and specific footwear, eg foundry boots and chainsaw boots
Note
Footwear can have a variety of sole patterns and materials to help prevent slips in different conditions, including oil - or chemical-resistant soles. It can also be anti-static, electrically conductive or thermally insulating
Appropriate footwear should be selected for the risks identified

Lungs

Hazards
  • Oxygen-deficient atmospheres, dusts, gases and vapours
Options – respiratory protective equipment (RPE)

Some respirators rely on filtering contaminants from workplace air. These include simple filtering facepieces and respirators and power-assisted respirators
Make sure it fits properly, eg for tight-fitting respirators (filtering facepieces, half and full masks)
There are also types of breathing apparatus which give an independent supply of breathable air, eg fresh-air hose, compressed airline and self-contained breathing apparatus
Note
The right type of respirator filter must be used as each is effective for only a limited range of substances
Filters have only a limited life. Where there is a shortage of oxygen or any danger of losing consciousness due to exposure to high levels of harmful fumes, only use breathing apparatus – never use a filtering cartridge
You will need to use breathing apparatus in a confined space or if there is a chance of an oxygen deficiency in the work area

Whole body

Image result for body protection ppeHazards 
Heat, chemical or metal splash, spray from pressure leaks or spray guns, contaminated dust, impact or penetration, excessive wear or entanglement of own clothing
Options 
Conventional or disposable overalls, boiler suits, aprons, chemical suits
Note
The choice of materials includes flame-retardant, anti-static, chain mail, chemically impermeable, and high-visibility
Don't forget other protection, like safety harnesses or life jackets

Image result for Emergence safety equipments 

Emergency equipment

Careful selection, maintenance and regular and realistic operator training is needed for equipment for use in emergencies, like compressed-air escape breathing apparatus, respirators and safety ropes or harnesses.







Thursday, 4 October 2018

Personal Protective Equipment

Personal Protective Equipment

Be sure to select the appropriate PPE to reduce work injuries

The objective of Personal Protective Equipment is to protect employees from injury through its use—such as safety glasses to protect their eyes, hardhats to protect their heads or boots to protect their feet.

To ensure appropriate protection for employees, follow PPE standards

  • Conduct an assessment of the workplace to determine whether hazards are present that make the use of PPE necessary.
  • Select appropriate PPE that will protect affected employees from the hazards identified in the assessment.
  • Train employees on what PPE is required and how to use, adjust and maintain it.
Selecting the appropriate PPE can be tricky. Begin with the following criteria:
  • PPE must protect against the specific hazard encountered in the workplace.
  • PPE must be reasonably comfortable.
  • PPE must not restrict the senses, movement or ability to work safely.
  • PPE must be durable and easy to clean and disinfect.
  • PPE must not interfere with the function of other required PPE.
Here are some tips to help you select the appropriate PPE for your employees.

Eye protection

 
Eye protection should be used when employees are exposed to flying particles, molten metal, acids or caustic liquids, chemical liquids, gases or vapors, bio-aerosols or light radiation.


Follow these rules of thumb:



  • Contact lens wearers must also wear appropriate eye and face protection in hazardous environments.
  • Side protectors must be used when there is risk of flying objects.
  • Goggles and face shields must be used when there is risk of chemical splashes.
  • Face shields must be worn over primary eye protection such as safety glasses or goggles when the situation requires.
  • Prescription lens wearers must either incorporate the prescription into their PPE design or it should fit properly over the prescription lenses.
  • Equipment fitted with appropriate filter lenses should be used to protect against light radiation. Tinted and shaded lenses are generally not filter lenses.

Types of eye protection.



  1. Safety glasses. Made with safety frames constructed of metal or plastic and are fitted with either corrective or impact-resistant lenses. They come with and without side shields, but most workplace operations require side shields.
  2. Impact-resistant glasses. Can be used for moderate impact from particles produced by such jobs as carpentry, woodworking and grinding.
  3. Side shields. Protect against particles that might enter the eyes from the side. Eye-cup side shields provide the best protection.
  4. Goggles. Choose from many types of goggles, each designed for specific hazards. Generally, goggles protect eyes, eye sockets and the facial areas immediately surrounding the eyes from impact, dust and splashes. Some goggles fit over prescription lenses.
  5. Welding shields. Constructed of vulcanized fiber or fiberglass and fitted with a filtered lens. Welding shields protect employees’ eyes from burns caused by infrared or intense radiant light and protect the face and eyes from flying sparks, metal spatter and slag chips.
  6. Laser safety goggles. Provide a range of protection against the intense concentrations of light produced by lasers. The type you choose depends on the equipment and conditions in your workplace.
  7. Face shields. These transparent sheets of plastic extend from the brow to below the chin across the entire width of the employee’s head. Some are polarized for glare protection. Choose face shields to protect your employees’ faces from nuisance dusts and splashes or sprays of liquids.
It is important a that emergency eyewash facilities are available in areas where the eyes of any employee may be exposed to corrosive materials.
 

Head protection

Head injuries are not the most commonly reported work accident, but are by far among the most devastating. One serious blow to the head can leave an employee disabled for life.


Head protection should be provided if:

  • Objects might fall from above and strike employees on the head.
  • Employees might bump their heads against fixed objects, such as exposed pipes.
  • Employees work near exposed electrical conductors.
Follow these rules of thumb. In general, protective helmets or hard hats should:
  • Resist penetration by objects.
  • Absorb the shock of a blow.
  • Be water resistant and slow burning.
  • Come with instructions explaining proper adjustment and replacement of the headband.
Types of head protection.
 
Each kind of protective helmet is designed to protect against specific hazards.

  1. Hard hats. As their name suggests, they are made of rigid, impact-resistant, non-flammable materials. The shell is held on the head by a network of straps and harnesses, which fit over the head itself and cushion impact. Hard hats are divided into three industrial classes:
    • Class A. For general service. They provide good impact protection, but limited voltage protection. They are used mainly in mining, construction, shipbuilding, lumbering and manufacturing.
    • Class B. For your employees who do electrical work. They protect against falling objects and high-voltage shock and burns.
    • Class C. These lightweight helmets offer comfort, but limited protection. They protect workers if they bump against fixed objects, but do not protect against falling objects or electric shock.
  2. Bump caps. Do not protect against blows to the head or other serious impacts such as from falling objects. Made of lightweight plastic, these protect against minor bumps only. Bump caps should never be used in place of hard hats. Bump caps are commonly used when working in confined spaces where there are no serious head hazards.
  3. Hair covers. Made of breathable, lightweight materials, are often required when working around machinery. This type of head wear is usually adjustable and may have a front visor to let employees know when they get too close to the machine. Hair covers help prevent hair from becoming caught in moving machine parts.
Although these are the most common types of protective head wear, the particular tasks your employees do may require that special safety accessories be added to the basic protector. For example, a thermal liner may be required if your employees work in extremely cold temperatures or lamp brackets may be attached if work areas are dark.

Foot protection


You must provide foot and leg protection for employees faced with the following hazards:

  • Heavy objects such as barrels or tools that might roll onto or fall on employees’ feet.
  • Sharp objects such as nails or spikes that might pierce the soles or uppers of shoes.
  • Molten metal that might splash.
  • Hot, wet or slippery surfaces.

Types of foot protection.
 

The type of foot and leg protection you provide your employees depends upon the specific workplace hazards and the specific parts of the feet or legs exposed to potential injury.


  • Safety shoes. Have impact-resistant toes and heat-resistant soles that protect against hot work surfaces common in roofing, paving and hot metal industries. The metal insoles may protect against puncture wounds. Safety shoes may also be electrically conductive to prevent the buildup of static electricity or non conductive to protect workers from workplace electrical hazards.
  • Leggings. Use these to protect the lower legs and feet from heat hazards, like molten metal or welding sparks. Safety snaps allow leggings to be removed quickly.
  • Metatarsal guards. Made of aluminum, steel, fiber or plastic, these guards may be strapped to the outside of shoes to protect the instep area from impact and compression.
  • Toe guards. Made of steel, aluminum or plastic, these guards fit over the toes of regular shoes and protect only the toes from impact and compression hazards.
  • Combination foot and shin guards. These guards may be used in combination with toe guards when greater protection is needed.
Hand protection
 

Suitable gloves should be worn when chemicals and harmful temperature are present or when employees are at risk for cuts, lacerations, abrasions, punctures or burns. Glove selection should be based on performance characteristics of the gloves, conditions, duration of use and hazards present. One type of glove will not work in all situations.
 

The first step in glove selection for use against chemicals is to determine the exact nature of the substances. Read instructions and warnings on chemical container labels and Material Safety Data Sheets before working with any chemical. Recommended glove types are often listed on such labels in the PPE section.
 

Types of hand protection.
 

Gloves can be divided into three groups:


  1. Durable work gloves. Made of metal mesh, leather or canvas and provide protection against cuts, burns and sustained heat. Leather gloves protect against sparks, moderate heat, blows, chips and rough objects. Welders specifically should use leather gloves.
  2. Fabric and coated fabric gloves. Made of cotton or other fabrics to provide varying degrees of protection. They can protect against dirt, slivers, chafing and abrasion. Cut protection can be accomplished using kevlar or similar materials in gloves. The newest versions of the cut free gloves also offer chemical resistance and excellent hand dexterity. Fabric gloves do not provide sufficient protection for working with rough, sharp or heavy material. However, adding a plastic coating to some fabric gloves strengthens them and makes them effective protection for a variety of tasks ranging from handling bricks and wire rope to handling chemical containers in laboratory operations.
  3. Chemical and liquid resistant gloves. Made of rubber, plastic or synthetic rubber-like material, they protect workers from burns, irritation and dermatitis caused by contact with oils, greases, solvents and other chemicals. The use of rubber gloves also reduces the risk of exposure to blood and other potentially infectious substances.

Remember, work gloves cannot prevent all hand injuries—only safe work practices can do that.
 

Body protection
 

You must provide your employees body protection if they are at risk for bodily injury caused by: intense heat, hazardous chemicals, splashes of hot metals and liquids, impacts from tools, machinery and materials, and contact with potentially infectious materials such as blood and radiation.
 

Types of body protection.
 

Protective clothing my include:
  • Vests
  • Jackets
  • Aprons
  • Coveralls
  • Surgical gowns
  • Full body suits
Protective clothing comes in a variety of materials, each suited to particular hazards. Materials for protective clothing include:
  • Paper-like fiber. Disposable suits made of this material provide protection against dust and splashes.
  • Treated cotton and wool. Adapts well to changing temperatures, is comfortable and fire-resistant. Protects against dust, abrasions and rough and irritating surfaces.
  • Duck. Protects employees against cuts and bruises while handling heavy, sharp or rough materials.
  • Leather. Leather protective clothing is often used against dry heat and flame.
  • Rubber and plastics. Protects against certain acids and other chemicals.