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Showing posts with label Road Safety. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Road Safety. Show all posts

Sunday, 18 August 2019

Road Safety Tips



Road Safety Tips

Road safety is a result of contributing efforts from all the sectors of the society including both civilians and government officials. In addition to the human sufferings from road accidents, the estimated costs of the road injuries are a noticeable amount in GNP (Gross National Product) per annum.

BASIC SAFE DRIVING TIPS WITH RESPECT TO LAWS [MOTOR VEHICLES ACT -1988]:

  1. STOP OR SLOW DOWN to allow the pedestrians to cross the road first at zebra crossings.
  2. BUCKLE UP the seat belts to reduce chances of severe injury of the car occupants (section 138(3) (2)).
  3. OBEY TRAFFIC RULES AND SIGNS to prevent road accidents (section 119(3)).
  4. OBEY SPEED LIMITS for your own safety and that of others (section 112(3)).
  5. KEEP THE VEHICLE FIT to prevent breakdown and accidents on road (section 190 (3)).
  6. NEVER USE MOBILE WHILE DRIVING to avoid distractions (section 184 (3)).
  7. WEAR HELMET to protect the head while riding on a two-wheeler (section 129 (3)).
  8. NEVER DRIVE DANGEROUSLY to ensure your own safety and that of other road users (section 184 (3)).
  9. NEVER MIX DRINKING AND DRIVING, be responsible & don’t drink and drive (section 185(3)).
  10. BE COURTEOUS to share the road with the other users and never rage on the road.

SAFETY GUIDELINES PEDESTRIANS:

Walk on footpath - 50% of people killed in road accidents are pedestrians only

Always remain alert while on road
  • It is effectual to walk on road sides, if it is having footpaths.
  • In case, if it is not having the foot paths then walk on right side.
  • It is highly recommended to make use of zebra crossing, subways and foot- over bridge.
 A little carelessness can be dangerous
  • People should ensure that they are not crossing roads in hurry.
  • Should avoid crossing the roads within or in front of the parked vehicles.
  • Never jump on the cross-road railings.
  • It is very hazardous to cross the road where nothing is visible due to fog or smoke.


TWO & FOUR-WHEELER USERS:

More than 20% people meeting with the accidents are two-wheeler users


Do’s :

  1. IS: 4151 approved Helmet preferably full-face cover (tkE Approved) should be worn while driving the two wheelers.
  2. Pillion riders must also be equipped with the similar quality helmet.
  3. The headgear must be worn with appropriate tight & chin strap.
  4. The driver & passengers traveling in the four-wheeler must be equipped with the seat belts.
  5. Air pressure must be verified in the front as well as in rear tires.
  6. Lights of the vehicle must be normal, both high and low beams must be available.
  7. Indicators must be turned on while turning and after the turn the indicators must be deactivated.
  8. Both the brakes must be applied in a proper manner.
  9. Maintain adequate distances between the vehicles in front to prevent collision.
  10. Follow the lane disciplines on the road.
  11. Ensure the vehicles are parked in the designated area with parking brakes in case of a four-wheeler.
  12. Carry the valid and mandatory documents.


Don’ts :
  1. Overload the vehicles by accommodating more people than the seating capacity.
  2. Riding in a zigzag fashion is prohibited.
  3. Must not overtake, while driving on the left side of any vehicle on the road.
  4. Brakes should not be applied suddenly.
  5. Talking over mobile phone while riding.
  6. Travel ling on the bus lane / heavy duty vehicle lane.
  7. Open the car doors suddenly while riding.


DRIVING DURING FOG:

  1. Always drive slowly.
  2. Turn on the headlights and keep them in low beam mode.
  3. Turn on the fog lamps and parking lights.
  4. Use defrosters and wind screen wipers.
  5. Have safe distance between the vehicles.
  6. If it is really impossible to drive pull off completely and keep the blinkers on.



OTHER SAFETY MEASURES DURING DRIVING:

  1. Stay relaxed but totally focused and concentrate on the journey.
  2. Take frequent breaks as required on a long travel.
  3. Change the drivers to have adequate rests in between while driving.
  4. Plan and study the long trips prior to commencing.
  5. Drive the vehicles in a way to adjust to adverse weather conditions.
  6. Drive smoothly, defensively and allow cushion for the unexpected.
  7. Do weekly maintenance checks and replace the worn-out parts.

Saturday, 9 February 2019

Road Safety: Guidelines for Children

Road Safety

Guidelines for Children
 
The advice given below on crossing the road is especially for children. Children should be taught the safety code and should not be allowed on the road alone until they can understand and follow it properly. Children learn by example, so parents and teachers should always follow the Code properly when going out with their children. They are responsible for deciding at what age children can use it safely by themselves.


While Walking to School



  1. Always walk on the footpath only. On roads without footpath, walk on the extreme right hand side of the roads.
  2. Do not be impatient on the road. Do not rush or run on the road.
  3. Cross only at Zebra crossings, traffic signals, subways, foot over-bridges. Where such facilities do not exist, look for a safe place to cross.
  4. At the signal lights, cross only on a clear green signal. If an intersection is controlled by a policeman, traffic warden or RSP cadet, cross only when he signals you to do so.
  5. When crossing between vehicles parked on the side of the road, remember that you are not visible to the moving traffic (because the parked vehicles may be taller than you). Stop as you appear from behind the vehicle and look for a safe gap before crossing. Remember, drivers need plenty of time to see you and to slow down and stop.
  6. While crossing wide roads that have central islands, always cross in two stages. Cross to the central Island , stop, and cross when the next section is clear.
  7. While crossing one-way streets, remember that the traffic will usually be moving in a number of lanes and at higher speeds. Do not cross unless all lanes are clear.
  8. Never cross a road at a corner/curve, as the motorist taking the turn will not be able to see you in time.
  9. Running across the road is a bad idea, as you may slip and fall.

While going by bus:

  1. Leave home well in time, so that you won't have to run to catch the bus.
  2. At the bus stand, always follow the queue. Board the bus only after it has come to a halt, without rushing in or pushing others.
  3. While in the bus, shouting or making a noise is definitely bad manners. Such behavior can also distract the driver.
  4. Do not board or alight at a bus stop other than the one decided by the school. Never board and alight at a red light crossing or unauthorized bus stop.
  5. Always hold onto the handrail if standing in a moving bus, especially on sharp turns.
  6. Do not sit, stand or travel on the footboard of the bus.
  7. Do not put any part of your body outside a moving or stationary bus.
  8. Always adhere to the bus safety rules.

Guidelines for parents of school children:


  1. Parents are equally responsible for the safety of their children during school journeys.
  2. They must ensure that the mode of transport arranged by school or by themselves is absolutely safe.
  3. Parents must play the role of vigilant observers. They should note down violations committed by school buses and immediately report to the authorities.
  4. Parents must participate in P.T.A. meetings and discuss the safety aspects of their children.
  5. While taking their children to school themselves, they should take proper care of their safety.
  6. Parents must ensure that the children acquire the right knowledge and skills for safe use of roads. They should teach their children the basic rules of the road, how to walk and cross the road, how to alight and board a bus etc.
  7. Parents should not allow their minor children to drive.
  8. Parents must also ensure that the right attitude for a law abiding citizen is imparted to their children by the family.
  9. Children are very good observers and therefore, parents must set an example by meticulously observing even small traffic rules.

Guidelines for teachers for ensuring safety of school children:
 

It is the responsibility of school authorities and the teachers to ensure the safety of school children and also to impart the necessary knowledge, skills and attitude to be a safe road user.
 

Teachers should help develop a responsible attitude towards road use in school children.
 

Teachers should impart essential knowledge about roads and traffic to school children, by:


  • Making them familiar with the rules of road and their importance.
  • By explaining them the causes of accidents involving pedestrians, cyclists and children.
  • Telling them about the cause and extent of pollution due to traffic.

Children come to school in various modes of transport. Teachers should ensure that:
  • The children enter and leave the school safely.
  • There is no conflict between pedestrians and vehicles.
  • The vehicles including school buses are parked safely and properly.

Essentials for a School Bus as ordered by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India:


  • "School Bus" must be written on the back and front of the Bus.
  • If it is a hired bus, "On School Duty" should be clearly indicated
  • Bus must have a First-Aid-Box.
  • The windows of Bus must be fitted with horizontal grills.
  • There must be a Fire Extinguisher in the Bus.
  • School Name and Telephone No. must be written on the Bus.
  • The doors of the Bus should be fitted with reliable locks.
  • To keep School Bags safely, there should be a space fitted under the seats.
  • There must be an Attendant from the School in the Bus.
  • Any parent/guardian or a teacher may also travel to ensure these safety norms.

The above mentioned points as directed by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India are mandatory for all school buses. For further details, School managements can contact their nearest Traffic Inspector.

Friday, 17 August 2018

Defensive Driving


Defensive Driving

Defensive driving is driving in a way to avoid and prevent accidents, regardless of the unsafe conditions that may exist around you.

Common hazards:

  • Changing road or traffic conditions
  • Impaired driving - alcohol, presrciptions, drugs
  • Distractions such as cell phones, maps and food
  • Driving while sleepy or drowsy
 Driving drunk, distracted or drowsy are considered approximately equally dangerous.

Safe procedures:

  • Drive at a speed safe for conditions. Go slower than posted limits in snow or rain.
    Maintain enough space between the vehicle in front of you (2-4 seconds or longer if conditions are slippery or for commercial vehicles).
  • Get the big picture – occasionally glance 2-3 vehicles ahead of you, to your sides and behind you. Use your mirrors and check blind spots.
  • Maintain an escape route in case of an unexpected event.
  • Look left, right and left again before entering an intersection.
  • Ensure the path is clear even if you have the right of way at an intersection (green light).
  • Do not drive with even a small amount of alcohol or drugs in your system.
  • Avoid distractions, especially cell phones. Pull over and stop if you need to make a call or text.
  • Pull over and rest if you are excessively drowsy.
  • Always wear your seat belt.
  • Always wear crash helmet while riding two wheeler.


There are many things we can’t control on the road – especially conditions and other drivers’ behaviors. But by driving defensively we can help to avoid accidents regardless of the hazards present.

Thursday, 2 August 2018

Motorcycle Safety Awareness


Motorcycle Safety Awareness



Many of us ride motorcycles and we are all exposed to them on the roads. For those who ride, Motorcycle Safety means inspecting your motorcycle, wearing proper motorcycle riding gear, and riding defensively on the road.

The found the causes of motorcycle crashed can be attributed to:
  • lack of basic riding skills
  • failure to appreciate the inherent operating characteristics
  • failure to appreciate the limitations of the motorcycle 
  • failure to use special precautions while riding 
  • failure to use defensive driving techniques. 
  • lack of specific braking and cornering skills 
  • failure to follow speed limit
Many fatal single-vehicle motorcycle crashes involve alcohol. A motorcycle requires more skill and coordination to operate than a car. Riding a motorcycle while under the influence of any amount of alcohol significantly decreases an operator's ability to operate the motorcycle safely.

In road accident most of motorcycle riders killed in traffic crashes are not licensed or are improperly licensed to operate a motorcycle. By not obtaining a motorcycle operator license, riders are bypassing the only method they and state licensing agencies have to ensure they have the knowledge and skill needed to safely and skillfully operate a motorcycle.

Seat Safety Belts


Seat Safety Belts

Whether you are driving to work or driving a powered industrial truck at work, safety belt use is important each and every time you get behind the wheel.


Why Safety Belts?
To understand the value of safety belt use, it's important to understand some of the dynamics of a crash. Every motor vehicle crash is actually comprised of three collisions. 
 
The Car's Collision
The first collision is known as the car's collision, which causes the car to buckle and bend as it hits something and comes to an abrupt stop. This occurs in approximately one-tenth of a second. The crushing of the front end absorbs some of the force of the crash and cushions the rest of the car. As a result, the passenger compartment comes to a more gradual stop than the front of the car.

The Human Collision
The second collision occurs as the car's occupants hit some part of the vehicle. At the moment of impact, unbelted occupants are still traveling at the vehicle's original speed. Just after the vehicle comes to a complete stop, these unbelted occupants will slam into the steering wheel, the windshield, or some other part of the vehicle interior. This is the human collision.

Another form of human collision is the person-to-person impact. Many serious injuries are caused by unbelted occupants colliding with each other. In a crash, occupants tend to move toward the point of impact, not away from it. People in the front seat are often struck by unbelted rear-seat passengers who have become high-speed projectiles.

The Internal Collision
Even after the occupant's body comes to a complete stop, the internal organs are still moving forward. Suddenly, these organs hit other organs or the skeletal system. This third collision is the internal collision and often causes serious or fatal injuries.

So, Why Safety Belts? During a crash, properly fastened safety belts distribute the forces of rapid deceleration over larger and stronger parts of the person's body, such as the chest, hips and shoulders. The safety belt stretches slightly to slow your body down and to increase its stopping distance.

The difference between the belted person's stopping distance and the unbelted person's stopping distance is significant. It's often the difference between life and death.

Monday, 9 July 2018

Defensive Driving Tips

Defensive Driving Tips


The defensive driving program should stress how to avoid collisions and how to drive safely in the dark.

Collisions are a major cause of injury and death in traffic accidents. The main types of collisions are:
  • Head-on collisions
  • Hit from behind
  • Hitting the driver in front
  • Side collisions
Two-car collisions are among the most common kind of traffic accident. About one-third of two-car collisions occur at intersections, so workers need to be especially careful when entering an intersection.

Head-on collisions are particularly dangerous and can be deadly. The key to avoiding them is to keep looking ahead down the road for possible problems. If a crash looks like it’s coming, employees should slow down and even go off the road to the right to avoid a head-on crash.

Rear-end collisions are also dangerous, but they, too, are preventable. For example, employees should:
  • Signal their intentions when stopping or turning;
  • Be alert for tailgaters;
  • Slow down gradually; and
  • Leave room in front of you when stopped so that if you are hit from behind, at least they won’t hit another vehicle in front.

To avoid colliding with a vehicle in front, employees should take these precautions:
  • Look well ahead for hazards, brake lights, and turn signals.
  • Always maintain sufficient distance between their vehicle and the vehicle in front so that they have enough room to stop safely.
To avoid side collisions, workers should be sure to approach all intersections with caution, and always look both ways before proceeding—even if they have right-of-way. They should never try to force their way through an intersection if another driver is set on going first. It is better to let the other driver go ahead of you than it is to get into an accident that can be costly and perhaps dangerous to them and to others.

Nighttime Driving


More accidents occur at night than any other time of day. The reason is simple: It is much harder to see at night, and much harder to react quickly when you do see a hazard.

Here are some defensive driving tips you can share with employees for driving at night:
  • Keep windshield clean to improve vision.
  • Turn lights on 1/2 hour before sunset.
  • Increase following distance to 4 seconds.
  • Be extra careful on curves and at intersections.
  • Switch from high to low beams to keep from blinding other drivers.
  • If you have trouble, pull completely off the road and use flashers.

6 Essential Safe Driving Behaviors

6 Essential Safe Driving Behaviors



Make sure your employees are safe behind the wheel whether they are driving on the job or commuting to and from work.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has published an analysis of driver, vehicle, and traffic-control safety measures that significantly reduce traffic deaths. You can use the analysis to promote safe-driver behaviors with a high probability of reducing crash risk and severity and of saving lives.

Here are six safety measures that you can promote to reduce employee deaths and injuries from motor vehicle crashes both on and off the job:

1. Buckle up. Seat belt use is the single most effective strategy for reducing crash deaths and injuries. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that seat belt use saved many lives and could have saved almost —particularly back seat passengers, who are less likely to buckle up. Make buckling up a requirement for all of your employees who are drivers or passengers in motor vehicles.

2. Wear a helmet. Not many workers drive a motorcycle or scooter on the job, but they might ride these fuel-efficient two-wheelers outside of work, especially in light of rising gas prices. Helmets saved nearly many Lives in  and could have saved many more, according to the NHTSA. Encourage your motorcycling (and bicycling) employees to wear helmets.

3. Restrict teen drivers. Graduated licensing laws that restrict when teens can drive, and how many teen passengers they can carry, have been shown to reduce teens' crash deaths. Although labor laws forbid teens from driving as part of their job until age 18, you can still support motor vehicle safety among your teenage employees by ensuring that they do not work late into the night, when they might be at more risk for crashes after leaving work.

4. Slow down. Many states are raising speed limits—some to as high as 85 mph—but slower speeds save lives, and some trucking groups advocate a national 65 mph speed limit. Whatever the speed limits are in your area, adhering to them enhances safety. Encourage your drivers to observe posted limits.

5. Stop. Red-light running killed many people, and injured more too . Encourage your drivers to observe traffic signals and stop signs.

6. Stay sober. Alcohol impairs drivers, and impaired drivers are a hazard to themselves and others. You can help by discouraging alcohol use at company functions and parties, and by making sure that workers understand how easily and quickly alcohol can affect their judgment and reaction time.

Saturday, 7 July 2018

Can You Use 6 Safe Driving Tips to Drive Your On-the-Road Safely

Can You Use 6 Safe Driving Tips to Drive Your On-the-Road Safely


Driving is such a common occurrence that they may take safe driving practices for granted. This is precisely why occasional training refreshers on safe driving are a very good idea.
It is analysis that driver, vehicle, and traffic-control safety measures that significantly reduce traffic deaths. Use the analysis to promote safe-driver behaviors with a high probability of reducing crash risk and severity and of saving lives.

Here are six safety measures that you can promote to reduce employee deaths and injuries from motor vehicle crashes both on and off the job:

  • Buckle up. Seat belt use is the single most effective strategy for reducing crash deaths and injuries. It is estimated that seat belt use saved more many lives and could be save more—particularly back seat passengers, who are less likely to buckle up. Make buckling up a requirement for all of your employees who are drivers or passengers in motor vehicles.

  • Wear a helmet in two-wheeled vehicles. Not many workers drive a motorcycle or scooter on the job, but they might ride these fuel-efficient two-wheelers outside of work, especially in light of rising gas prices. Helmets saved may lives and could saved more. Encourage your motorcycling (and bicycling) employees to wear helmets.

  • Restrict teen drivers. Graduated licensing laws that restrict when teens can drive, and how many teen passengers they can carry, have been shown to reduce teens’ crash deaths. Although labor laws forbid teens from driving as part of their job until age 18, you can still support motor vehicle safety among your teenage employees by ensuring that they do not work late into the night, when they might be at more risk for crashes after leaving work.

  • Slow down. Many states are raising speed limits—some to as high as 85 miles per hour (mph)—but slower speeds save lives, and some trucking groups advocate a national 65 mph speed limit. Whatever the speed limits are in your area, adhering to them enhances safety. Encourage your drivers to observe posted limits.Always follow the local traffic rules.

  • Stop. Red-light running killed many people, and injured. Encourage your drivers to observe traffic signals and stop signs.

  • Stay sober. Alcohol impairs drivers, and impaired drivers are a hazard to themselves and others. You can help by discouraging alcohol use at company functions and parties, and by making sure that workers understand how easily and quickly alcohol can affect their judgment and reaction time.

Friday, 6 July 2018

How to safely stop your car when brakes FAIL!

How to safely stop your car when brakes FAIL!

Brakes are one of the most crucial parts of your vehicle; they require regular maintenance and vigilance.

If you find any niggling in the braking system, you should immediately contact your service station and sort it out as soon as possible.


Else, it could lead you into big trouble. The first thing you should know in this situation is - don’t panic!


Following are the few things you might encounter when your braking system isn't working well.

·         The brake pedal feels gooey and mushy.

·         The brake pedal becomes hard and loses vacuum boost.

·         Watch out for brakes screeching, creaking, and whining noise coming from the disc.

·         Watch out for burning smell and fumes coming out from the disc, brakes generate lot of heat.

Following are the preventive steps you should keep in mind.

·         You should check the brake fluid level weekly, in a vessel with lid, marked with brake fluid under the bonnet; it should always be between maximum and minimum as prescribed by the manufacturer.

·         Check your braking system at every service intervals.

·         Do not avoid changing your braking pads, brake fluids, disc and drums at regular service intervals as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.

·         Do not engage brakes for longer period and avoid sudden braking as it deteriorates brake pads rapidly.

·         Do not use brakes for prolonged periods while driving downhill; it will generate excessive heat and can damage your system. Rather use engine braking with brakes while downhill.

·         After riding through flooded roads during monsoon, just gently press the brakes to dry the pads; water in the system lead to adversities.

Well, in case you do encounter braking system failure, here are some exigency steps you should follow.We have divided steps to perform while braking system failure into two categories at high speed and at slow speed.

Braking system failure during slow speed

In a draggy bumper-to-bumper traffic or at very nominal speeds you can experience sudden braking system failure; it can be caused due to insufficient vacuum in the brake boosters, leaking brake fluid, perished lines, and leaky master cylinder.

In these situations, you will feel very soft mushy brake pedal and it will touch the metal without any resistance. Don’t panic and adopt the following steps:

·         Quickly press and release the pedal; it might help to generate some stopping action with whatever pressure is left. This could help you lose some momentum and stop your car.

·         Downshift the gear as early as possible, as engine braking is the best alternative in these situation; for example, if you are in third gear, downshift it to second, release the clutch and then into first, release the clutch, keep your foot off the accelerator.

·         Engine braking is useful because every particular gear is meant to run to a particular speed and specified rpm.

·         Use handbrake, which is a simple mechanical brake; it will help in halting the car, eventually. The modern high-end car comes with electronic handbrake system; this won’t work until the car is standing still. So this system won’t help you in this situation.

·         Shut the engine off when you downshift into first gear and let the engine decelerate itself to a complete halt due to friction.

·         You should switch on the emergency hazard lights and honk your horn to get the attention of the other drivers around.

Braking system failure during high speed

Braking system failure at high speed can be very dangerous; at low speeds you can easily manage the vehicle to halt. Things happen very quickly and you have to interpret the situation extremely fast.

At high speed, this thing will only come to your notice whenever you want to slow down or you need to come to a complete halt

The first thing you should do is just be clam; don’t panic, as it will only worsen the situation for you. Follow these steps:

·         Quickly downshift to third gear, then second and finally first gear. These downshifts will surely help to reduce the speed and momentum to considerable levels and reduce the force of impact in the worst situation.

·         Do not stop pumping your pedal as the system might work with whatever pressure is left and can help the car in decelerating.

·         Shut the engine off only when your car decelerates to very low speed as shutting the engine off will take the life out of your steering.

·         Put the car on sand and gravel along the roadside as they generate more friction.