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Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits I n most everything we do, we find a “trick” to make the process easier and faster. After we develo...

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Showing posts with label Safety Awareness. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Safety Awareness. Show all posts

Saturday, 12 October 2019

Scaffold - Safety Tips to Reduce Accidents


Scaffold - Safety Tips to Reduce Accidents

 
When scaffolds are not erected or used properly, fall hazards can occur. Throughout the world several thousands of  construction workers frequently work on scaffolds every day. Protecting these workers from scaffold-related accidents would prevent many workers getting injured or fatal each year.

 

Take these steps to help protect workers and reduce accidents:


  1. Follow industry guidelines for erecting scaffolds: verify that each scaffold and its components is capable of supporting, without failure, its own weight and at least four times the maximum intended load.
  2. Inspect scaffolds daily before use; check footing, guard rails, connectors, fastening, tie-ins and bracing.
  3. Do not use unstable objects such as barrels, boxes, loose bricks, or concrete blocks to support scaffolds or planks.
  4. Fully plank platforms on all working levels.
  5. Install guardrails and toe-boards on all open sides and ends of platforms on scaffolding over 10 feet above floor or ground.
  6. If a scaffold is more than two feet above or below a level, provide adequate access, such as a ramp, ladder, or steps.
  7. Do not erect, use, dismantle, alter or move scaffolds so they, or any conductive material handled on them, might come closer than 10 feet to energized overhead power lines.
  8. Obtain scaffold user training prior to working on scaffolding.
  9. Inspect all scaffolds prior to use or at least on a daily basis.
  10.  Erect and dismantle under the direction of a scaffold competent person.

Friday, 11 October 2019

Injury Prevention : Make a Personal Safety Challenge


Injury Prevention : Make a Personal Safety Challenge


 
Safety needs to be a major priority in your life, both at work and at home. The bottom line is that injuries hurt. They hurt you, they hurt the company and they can even hurt others who care about you. Remaining injury free should be a personal goal. Challenge yourself to work hard at being safe.



Prevent injury for yourself:-  First and foremost, you should be interested in your own personal safety. Without a firm belief that safety does really matter and a firm commitment to take deliberate actions, you will never be as safe as you could be. So accept the safety challenge and do your part to see it through.

Reduce your own risk:-  Remaining safe is really a matter of understanding the hazards of your work environment, understanding your exposures to those hazards, then working to eliminate or reduce either one or both. Think of this as the “risk equation.”

Hazard x Exposure = Risk:-  While it’s not possible to eliminate risk entirely, we can significantly reduce risk by reducing hazards and exposures to those hazards. Challenge yourself to learn about and practice safety at every opportunity. This deliberate approach is the best way to remain injury free.

Report unsafe working conditions:-  Be observant. You may be the first person to notice a bad electric cord, a faulty ladder, a liquid spill, or something else that is unsafe. When you see an unsafe condition, correct it right away or report it to your supervisor. If the hazard is likely to cause injury, immediately safeguard it to the best of your ability so nobody gets hurt until it can be fixed or eliminated.

Teach other employees:-  Help coworkers be as safe as you are. Share what you’ve learned. Practice what you know about safety so others feel confident in your advice and follow your lead. Make it obvious that safety is a very important part of your work life.

Continually improve:-  Look for opportunities for improvement in your personal safety. Maybe you can improve how you lift, or how you pre-plan a task for safety. Or maybe you could improve safety off the job, too. Consider one or two areas where you could improve, then make a personal commitment to do so.


Let’s take a minute to go around the group and talk about one thing we could each do to improve our personal safety.

Monday, 5 August 2019

Safety Awarness : Slip Trip and Fall


Slips, Trips, and Falls

 
In the workplace, slips, trips, and fall hazards put workers safety at risk and cost employers, (compensation claims, regulatory fines, lost productivity, and other administrative expenses). Organizations that take proper safety precautions can keep workers safe and facilities in compliance with Illegal regulation and standards. 

Many work fatalities involving slips, trips, and falls. Many employees in private industry, state, and local government missed one or more days of work due to injuries from falls. Employees risk fatal or debilitating injuries when they slip, trip, or take a fall at work.
 

Good housekeeping can keep work areas and walkways free from spills, obstructions, and other risks. Combining housekeeping with organization systems such as 5S will keep work areas safe and productivity high for workers and employers.

Slip Hazard

A slip happens when there is insecure footing resulting in a loss of balance. For example, ice forms on the ground in the winter creating a walkway surface with reduced traction and friction. This can create a slip risk for a pedestrian. In the workplace, oil spilled on a smooth surface reduces traction and friction, which can cause a slip hazard.
 

Common causes of slips:

  • Wet products or spills on smooth walking surfaces (water, mud, grease, oil, food, etc.)
  • Dry products or spills on walking surfaces (dusts, powders, granules, wood, etc.)
  • Highly-polished floors (concrete, marble, ceramic tile)
  • Sloped walking surfaces and ramps without slip resistant surfaces
  • Loose floorboards, tiles, or irregular surfaces
  • Wet, muddy or greasy shoes
  • Transitioning from one surface to another (e.g. grid to smooth concrete) 
  • Freshly-waxed surfaces
  • Weather hazards

Trip Hazard

A trip occurs when there is a loss of balance resulting from contact with an object. This causes the person to lose balance and fall, which can result in injury. For example, a distracted employee could trip and fall over debris, an electrical cord, boxes, or an uneven rug in a walkway causing injury.
 

Common causes of trips:
  • Uncovered hoses, cables, wires or extension cords across aisles or walkways
  • Clutter and obstacles in aisles, walkways, and work areas
  • Unanchored or curled rugs or mats
  • Changes in elevation or levels (e.g. unmarked steps or ramps)
  • Uneven, irregular walking surfaces (e.g. gaps in floor, missing tiles)
  • Damaged, non-uniform steps
  • Debris, accumulated waste materials
  • Trailing cables, pallets, tools in gangways
  • Objects protruding from walking surface

Fall Hazard

A fall happens when there is a failed or missing support. Falls, which can happen on the same level, or from one level to another. Non-slip or trip-related falls stem from breaking through a damaged or non-weight-bearing surface or stepping toward a platform that isn’t there. For example, a worker could fall off a ladder from stepping on a broken rung causing injury.
 

Leading factors that cause fall hazards are:
  • Floor mats and runners
  •  Objects obstructing walkways
  • Floor irregularities and damage
  • Lighting inadequacies
  • Stairs and railings
  • Steps tools and ladders
  • Scaffolding
  • Unprotected edges and openings

Sunday, 4 August 2019

Safety Awareness : Noise at Work Place

 

Safety Awareness : Noise at Work Place

 

  1. What is Noise : 
    • We are surrounded by sound all the time- We use it as a means of communication and as a source of entertainment ( Music)..etc. without it, we may become disoriented. However, in certain circumstances, it can be an intense irritation and a considerable hazard at work. In such circumstances, unwanted sound is usually referred to as Noise. The Major problem associated with noise is hearing damage, but it can also cause disturbance which can impair efficiency, and interfere with communication which can increase the risk of accident, and stress.
  2. Health effects of Noise at Work: 
    • Noise at work can cause hearing loss which can be temporary or permanent. The danger depends on how loud the noise is and how long people are exposed to it. Generally , permanent damage to hearing is irreversible and there is no cure for hearing impairment. People often experience temporary deafness after leaving a noisy place. Although hearing recovers within a few hours, this should not be ignored. It is a sign that if you continue to be exposed to the noise, your hearing could be permanently damaged. The damage is usually gradual. By the time you notice that you have difficulty in hearing, it’s too late. Hearing loss is not the only problem. People may develop tinnitus ( ringing, whistling, buzzing or humming in the ears, a distressing condition which can lead to disturbed sleep. Noise can also be a safety hazard at work, interfering with communication and making warnings harder to hear
  3. How Can I Tell If I am losing my hearing:- 
    • Hearing loss is usually gradual because of prolonged exposure to noise. It may only be when damage caused by noise over the years combine with hearing loss due to ageing that people realise how deaf they have become. 
    • In the following cases , you can consider that you have already lost some hearing power :- 
      • You have difficulty following conversation, Find it difficult to catch sound like ‘t’ , ‘d’ and ‘s’ , So you confuse similar words. 
      • You frequently ask people to repeat when they have said 
      • You have difficulty following conversation over the phone 
      • You frequently ask for the television volume to be tuned up
  4.  Do you have Noise Problem at Work 
    1. As a simple guide, you will probably need to do something about the noise if any of the following apply :- 
      • Do your employees have to raise their voice to carry out a normal conversation when about two meter apart.?  
      • Do your employees use noisy powered Tools or machinery ?  
      • Do you work in a noisy industry ? Are there noises due to impacts ( Such as hammering, pneumatic impact tools, explosive sources such as catridge operated Tools ?
    2. Note : The above is not a complete list, but some examples to show that you have noise problem at your work
  5. How Noise is measured ? What is the Unit ? Exposure Limits ?
    • Generally, Noise is measured in decibels (dB). 
    • An ‘A-Weighting’ sometimes written as ‘dB(A)’ is used to measure average noise levels, and a ‘C-Weighing’ or ‘dB(C)’ , to measure peak, impact or explosive noises. 
    • We measure the Noise using sound level Meter .As per standard code of Construction Safety practice, the contractor shall not expose the employees in the work place to noise levels higher than specified by the standard code . It is 85 dBA in eight hours per day 
  6. Typical Noise Levels
  7. How can I Control Noise ?
    • We can reduce the noise at our workplace by our proper planning according to the basic noise control Techniques in the order of preference, as below :-

  • Noise Reduction at Source : This can be done by elimination or substitution of process or equipment producing Noise ( Eg: Renting or buying quieter equipment, Diesel/petrol Engines replaced by electric motor, pneumatic tools replaced by electric Tools…etc)
  • Isolation : In many cases, the best method of noise control is to erect enclosures around machines ( It reduces the amount of noise emitted into the workplace or environment.
  • Apply Engineering Control Measures : Examples are absorption & Insulation, Damping, Silencing..etc
    • Absorption & Insulation : By providing sound absorbing/Insulating material on walls of the room ,where noise producing machines are placed, we can reduce the overall noise levels in the adjacent rooms significantly.
    • Damping : By providing anti-vibration damper/rubber mountings on a machine, we can reduce the noise level considerably. (Eg: Putting rubber feet around the leg of machines)
    • Silencing : Eg: Provision of silencer on the car exhaust.
  • Design and Layout of the work place : Such as keeping noisy machinery and processes away from quieter areas; Design the workflow to keep noisy machinery out of areas where people spend most of their time
  • Apply Administrative Controls : Like limiting the time spent in noisy areas –every halving of the time spent in a noisy area will reduce noise by 3 dB
  • Hearing Protection : Hearing protection should be issued to employees 
    • Where extra protection is needed above what has been achieved using noise control 
    • As a short- term measure while other methods of controlling noise are being developed.
      • You should not use hearing protection as an alternative to controlling noise by other means as above. Wear hear protection such as earplugs and earmuffs. It is important to choose the right hearing protection for the condition you face. Make sure that hearing protection fits properly, but ensure that hearing protection does not block out too much sound, Otherwise, it can interfere with safety communication-such as alarms or warning signals.
        • Ear Muff- Consists of sound-attenuating material and soft ear cushions that fit around the ear and the hard outer cups. They are held together by a head a band.
        • Ear Plug- is inserted to block the ear canal. They may be pre-moulded ( Preformed) or mouldable (Foam ear plugs). Ear Plugs are sold as disposable products or reusable plugs. Custom made Ear Plugs are also available



Remember : We know prevention is better than Cure. But in the case of noise Induced hearing Loss, there is no chances of Cure , It is permanent and irreversible. So, better to take preventive measures.


Safety Awareness : Energy Tips - Save Energy

 

Safety Awareness : Energy Tips - Save Energy



Environmental responsibility is everyone’s responsibility. Reduce your carbon footprint! Leaving your car at home twice a week can cut greenhouse gas emissions by 2500 KG per year. Save up errands and shopping trips so you need to drive fewer times.

If you commute to work, ask if you can work from home at least some days(Holidays work), and you'll reduce air pollution and traffic congestion - and save money.


It's electric! You can check how much of your electricity comes from renewable "green" power sources, such as wind or solar. Green power produces less carbon emissions, reduces air pollution, and helps protect against future costs or scarcity of fossil fuels. If green power is a consumer option, check price differences from suppliers before you buy


Don't idle! Remind your office system to turn off bus engines when buses are parked. Exhaust from idling buses can pollute air in and around the bus, and can enter office buildings through air intakes, doors, and open windows. Constant idling also wastes fuel and money, and bus engines really need only a few minutes to warm up.


Tread lightly! Use public transportation, carpool, walk, or bike whenever possible to reduce air pollution and save on fuel costs.


Make your home an Energy Star! When you do home maintenance, also do a home energy audit to find out how you can save money by making your home more energy efficiency. And if every home replaced just one conventional light bulb with a compact fluorescent light bulb, we would save enough energy to light more than 3 million homes a year.


Recycle it! Take your old computer, DVD player, or other electronics to an electronics recycling center. Reusing and recycling materials like copper, gold, and others saves natural resources and reduces mining and processing. recycling also helps avoid land, air, and water pollution by capturing and reusing hazardous substances such as lead or chromium.


Everyone can make a difference! You can study links between everyday actions at your work spot, greenhouse gas emissions, and climate change. Become a "climate ambassador" leader in your office or neighborhood and motivate friends, schools, and community leaders. Talk to you friends - help spread the word!