Total Pageviews

Safety Lessons

Search results

Translate

Safety Blogs

Featured post

Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits

Ten Instruction for Good Safety Habits I n most everything we do, we find a “trick” to make the process easier and faster. After we develo...

Popular Blogs

Showing posts with label Safety Chapters. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Safety Chapters. Show all posts

Sunday, 21 June 2020

Environmental Safety


Many chemicals and dangerous substances are used on construction sites. These substances can pose a threat to workers, the public, as well as the environment including plant and animal life when not handled correctly. Mother Nature does not have her own personal protective equipment and it is everybody’s responsibility to safeguard and protect our environment.

The best strategy for environmental safety is to prevent the release of contaminants into the environment. All construction projects should have some form of environmental impact assessment completed in the development stages. Company policies, procedures and training should then be put in place for the safe handling of toxic substances.

Environment classifies pollutants in the following categories:

■ Environmental Contaminants: Mirex and PCBs
■ Petroleum Products: Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, and Lubricants
■ Pesticides: Glyphosate and DDT
■ Acids and Basis: Sulphuric Acid and Caustic Soda
■ Miscellaneous Organic and Inorganic Substances: Methanol and Ammonia
■ Metals: Lead, Mercury, and Arsenic
■ Radioactive Materials
■ Waste Water: Domestic, Industrial and Agricultural

While you may not work with all of these types of materials, it is important to be familiar with the substance you commonly use and how to prevent their release into the environment. There are many common sources of contaminants found on construction sites both small and large. Common worksite contaminants include:

■ Chemicals: Always check WHMIS labels for proper disposal of chemicals. Refer to Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) information to protect yourself before handling any chemical.
■ Garbage: Not all garbage goes to the landfill. Many construction products can be reused or recycled.
■ Exhaust: Winter conditions warrant many of us to leave vehicles and machines running to keep engines and cabs warm. Exhaust contributes to air pollution.
■ Fuels and Fluids: Overrunning machines leads to increased incidents of hose leaks. Always have a spill kit on site or in the vehicle to deal with common spills and leaks.

If a contaminant release occurs, regardless of the size or volume, a plan must be put into place to deal with the situation and prevent permanent damage to the environment and protect employees and the public from exposure.

An emergency plan should be in place by employers as part their Occupational Health and Safety requirements under the Regulations. Workers should have adequate training in this plan, have and know how to use the appropriate PPE to protect themselves, as well as necessary evacuation procedures. The emergency plan should also include procedures to:

■ Prevent further discharge of the pollutant
■ Contain the spilled pollutant
■ Minimize the effects of the spill


Remember, when a spill occurs, responded safety is first priority. Do not touch or go near spills unless you are trained in the hazards and have the proper protective gear to safely handle the spill.

Public protection is the most priority. Contact authorities / rescue team immediately if a major spill occurs, and safe guard the area from the public and people on site.

When the danger to personnel and public is mitigated then the protection of the environment will be undertaken by using containment and disposal methods set out in the Spill Control Regulations of organization or country.

If a spill occurs on infrastructure that could pose a risk or hazard to that infrastructure, report it to project managers and engineers and local authorities.



Safe Work Practices

A Safe Work Practice can be defined as a policy on a specific task outlining a broader set of general safety rules and guidelines so workers understand the safe principles on how to do their job safely and control or mitigate hazards associated with the specific work activity.

People need to know the safest way to perform their work. Safe work practices outline the dangers of each task and the best way to avoid them. Knowing and following safe work practices for each task you perform will reduce your chances of suffering a workplace injury.

Keep in mind that job conditions can change and there may be separate safe work practices in different conditions. For example, the practices for working on a roof on a hot summer day may differ for the same task on an icy winter day.

Safe work practices should also incorporate the most up-to-date legislation and regulations.

Safe Work Practices vs. Safe Job Procedures

Both safe work practices and safe job procedures provide essential safety information. Safe job procedures tell you how to perform each task in a safe manner. Safe work practices are general safety guidelines to consider while performing your job task.

Safe work practices can be incorporated into safe job procedures to make the process safer overall.


 Safe Job Procedures for Hand tools Safe work Practices for Hand tools
 Wear Appropriate PPE
 Use tools only for their designed purpose
 Select the right tool for the Job Pull on wrench or pliers. unless using an open hand to push
 Ensure the tool is in proper working order sharp tools should never extend over the top of the bench.
 Ensure workplace is free of clutter and work piece is properly secured. Be aware of loose knots or foreign materials that could become dislodged
 Make sure hands and feet have proper positioning during operation. Long or loose hair should be tied back to avoid getting caught or pulled
 Put tools away in the proper spot and clean dust and debris from the worksite. Take breaks from static positions



Friday, 19 June 2020

Duties of the Employer & Supervisor


Duties of the Employer

All employers must meet the minimum requirements for health and safety standards as required by law. An Employer must: Provide a safe and healthy workplace;
  1. Establish and maintain an effective health and safety program and obtain input from the occupational health committee (OSH);
  2. Make sure that managers and supervisors are trained, supported, and held accountable for fulfilling their workplace health and safety requirements;
  3. Oversee the health and safety performance of their managers and supervisors;
  4. Make sure workers have the information, training, certification, supervision, and experience to do their jobs safely;
  5. Make sure medical/first aid facilities are provided as needed;
  6. Set-up effective occupational health committees;
  7. Cooperate with the occupational health and safety (OHS) representative and other parties to resolve health and safety issues in a timely fashion;
  8. Keep OSH representative meeting minutes on file and readily available;
  9. Ensure workers are not exposed to harassment in the workplace; and
  10. Ensure that legal health and safety requirements are met.
Employers are also required to have a copy of country and organization Employment Act and regulations readily available to workers and management.

It is the employer’s responsibility to ensure that the sub-trades on-site are following health and safety regulations. They should receive a site orientation before starting work, have the appropriate training certification readily available and be included in the documentation, for example, daily toolbox/safety meetings.

Supervisors are also required to ensure that sub-trades are following the OHS Regulations, the company safety program and as well being part of the daily paperwork and ongoing documentation.

Duties of the Supervisor

Anyone on site who is responsible for directing workers or overseeing work with sub-trades is considered a supervisor under the occupational health and safety regulations. This is important for employers to know and understand. An employee does not have to have the word “supervisor” in their title to be considered a supervisor under legislation. It is the employer’s responsibility to make sure that whomever is directed to supervise has the appropriate training to do so. Supervisors must:
  1. Understand and ensure compliance with workplace health and safety requirements;
  2. Cooperate with the occupational health committee, ensure that it functions properly, and ensure all workers support committee members in their health and safety activities;
  3. Make sure hazards are identified and proper steps are taken to eliminate the hazards or control the risks;
  4. Inspect work areas and correct unsafe acts and conditions;
  5. Instruct and coach workers to follow safe work procedures;
  6. Ensure only authorized, competent workers operate equipment;
  7. Ensure equipment is properly maintained;
  8. Ensure the necessary personal protective equipment is provided to workers and used properly;
  9. Know how to safely handle, store, produce, and dispose of chemical and biological substances at the workplace;
  10. Understand and implement emergency procedures;
  11. Report and investigate incidents (meaning accidents and dangerous occurrences);
  12. Promote health and safety awareness;
  13. Cooperate with other parties in dealing with health and safety issues;
  14. Ensure that workers under their direct supervision are sufficiently supervised; and
  15. Ensure that workers under their direct supervision are not exposed to harassment at their workplace.

Thursday, 18 June 2020

Workplace Safety Law


Every year many workplace fatalities are getting reported and many are unknown, Most of reported workplace fatalities were within the construction industry. Improving safety measures and eliminating workplace injuries and illnesses is a responsibility.
Safety and prevention needs to become a priority and fundamental aspect of the way we work each and every day. Regardless of what career you have chosen, workplace law is evident in every sector of employment. When it comes to workplace health and safety, we all have to comply with legislation.

The Occupational Health and Safety acts and regulations governed by countries apply to employers, supervisors, workers, self-employed persons, contractors, suppliers and owners. Countries Labour Standards Division aims to enforce labour legislation to ensure that employers and employees are aware of their rights and responsibilities regarding the law.

OH&S legislation gives three common important rights to all workers to ensure they have the knowledge they need to be safe on the job and the freedom to participate in health and safety activities in their workplace: The right to know, The right to participate and The right to refuse dangerous work. Employers, supervisors and employees also have legal responsibilities & requirements as outlined in the diagram to the right.

It is a very important, legislated requirement in the province for each workplace to appoint an Occupational Health and Safety Representative or establish an Occupational Health Committee. A company that employs nine or less employees in any high-hazard workplace is required to have an OH&S Representative, whereas a company with ten or more employees is required to have an Occupational Health Committee in place. Committees must have between 2 and 12 members depending on the size of the workplace, and employer members must not out number worker members. (May differ from country to country)

Training is crucial to workplace law and to protect the health and safety of the worker within the workplace. An employer shall ensure that a worker is trained in all matters that are necessary to protect the health and safety of a worker. Employers must ensure that no worker is permitted to preform work unless the worker has been trained, and has sufficient experience to perform the work safely and in compliance with the Act and Regulations, or is under close and competent supervision.

Employers Responsibilities :-

Employers have the most control over the conditions of work and how its done. Therefore, employers have the greatest degree of responsibility for the health and safety of workers.They must:

■ Provide a safe and healthy workplace
■ When required, establish Occupational Health Committees or Representative and consult and cooperate with them in resolving health and safety concerns
■ Ensure workers are not exposed to harassment
■ Comply with The Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations
■ Provide required safe work procedures
■ Ensure equipment is provided and maintained
■ Ensure workers are trained
■ Ensure supervisors are competent
■ Ensure workers are sufficiently supervised

Employers are also required to have a copy of the Act and the applicable sections of the Regulations readily available to workers and management.

Supervisor's Responsibilities :-
Supervisors are critical to safe workplaces as they are closest to the actual work being done and can address and resolve worker concerns. They must:

■ Know and comply with the Act and Regulations
■ Know their company's safety program
■ Know emergency procedures required under the legislation
■ Ensure workers they supervise understand and comply with the Act and Regulations
■ Support and cooperate with the Occupational Health Committee or Representative

Worker's Responsibilities :-
■ Take reasonable care to protect their health and safety and the health and safety of other workers
■ Not harass other workers
■ Comply with the Act and Regulations
■ Use the orientation and training provided to them
■ Follow safe work practices
■ Use protective equipment provided to them
■ Support and cooperate with the Occupational Health Committee or Representative

Tuesday, 16 June 2020

Mind On Safety


Report It, Don't Ignore It

Anything you encounter on the worksite that gives you a feeling of “That’s not safe at all” must be reported immediately. Don’t just put your head down and keep walking, hoping that someone else will report it.

The same philosophy should also be used in respect to reporting near misses – a near miss could be the next accident.


Keep Your Mind On The Task

Anyone working must understand what a challenge it is to get the job done when working against the elements. Heat, wind and extreme cold are only a few of the conditions we face every year. It may be easier said than done to keep your mind on the job when its +42 degrees Celsius, but it’s very important to keep a clear mind and not forget the safe job procedures & personal protective equipment that should be used.

On a different note, we all have personal lives and personal issues to deal with that can easily affect our mindset. At times it can be difficult to not to think about these matters and let our minds wander when performing our daily jobs and responsibilities. If you are not focused on your task and how to do it safely you and your co-workers are at risk for an accident to occur. Thinking about the weekend, daydreaming, beeping cell phones or just not paying attention are other factors that could lead to an accident or fatality.

Always Look For Hidden Hazards

While you are onsite, working conditions are always changing, therefore so will the hazards. These could be unexpected hazards that you may not typically encounter, so be aware of the changes around you. These can include workers who don’t see you enter their hazardous work area, low overhead pipes that may cause a head injury, unmarked floor openings and poor housekeeping that could result in slips, trips and falls. Keep your eyes open and your mind on safety.

Rights and Responsibilities

Everyone in the workplace is legally responsible for workplace safety. Every Countries Employment Act requires that they work together to carry out health and safety duties at a place of employment. 


Everyone must know what their duties are; have the authority, resources, and time to carry them out; and have required knowledge (education, training, and certification)



Duties Of Employers
The following are some of the responsibilities of an employer:
  • Provide a safe and healthy workplace;
  • Make sure that managers and supervisors are trained, supported, and held accountable for fulfilling their workplace health and safety requirements;
  • Oversee the health and safety performance of their managers and supervisors;
  • Make sure workers have the information, training, certification, supervision, and experience to do their jobs safely;
  • Ensure workers are not exposed to harassment in the workplace; and
  • Ensure that legal health and safety requirements are met.

Duties Of Supervisors

The following are some of the responsibilities of supervisors:
  • Make sure hazards are identified and proper steps are taken to eliminate the hazards or control the risks;
  • Inspect work areas and correct unsafe acts and conditions;
  • Instruct and coach workers to follow safe work procedures;
  • Ensure only authorized, competent workers operate equipment;
  • Ensure equipment is properly maintained;
  • Ensure the necessary personal protective equipment is provided to workers and used properly;
  • Ensure that workers under their direct supervision are sufficiently supervised; and
  • Ensure that workers under their direct supervision are not exposed to harassment at their workplace.
Duties Of Workers

The following are some of the responsibilities of workers:
  • Understand and comply with legislation and workplace health and safety requirements;
  • Follow safe work procedures;
  • Use safety equipment, machine guards, safety devices, and personal protective equipment;
  • Report unsafe acts and workplace hazards;
  • Report incidents (meaning accidents and dangerous occurrences), injuries, or illnesses immediately;
  • Work and act safely and help others to work and act safely
Three Basic Rights of Workers Workers play an important role in keeping each other safe on the job. A major part of injury prevention is ensuring each worker is aware of their legislated rights and responsibilities. The workers have three basic rights:

1. The Right to Know the hazards at work and how to control them; If an employer does not disclose what hazards exist in the workplace, all workers have the right to ask for this information. Hazards are anything that has the potential to cause an injury or illness.

2. The Right to Participate in finding and controlling workplace hazards;
Become involved in the occupational safety & health committee (OSH) at work. Every workplace with 10 or more workers must have a worker/management OSH. High-hazard workplaces with five-to-nine workers must have an occupational safety & health (OSH) representative .

3. The Right to Refuse unsafe work that is believed to be unusually dangerous.
Workers cannot be disciplined or fired for exercising their right to refuse unsafe work that is believed to be unusually dangerous, which includes:
  • A danger that is not normal for the job (e.g., repairing a roof in dangerous winds);
  • A danger that would normally stop work (e.g., operating a forklift with a flat tire); or
  • A situation for which a worker is not properly trained, equipped, or experienced to do the work assigned (e.g., cleaning windows on a tall building with no fall protection equipment or training).

Monday, 15 June 2020

Safety Culture



Safety culture is a people based safety process. The safety culture of an organization is the product of individual and group values, attitudes perceptions, competencies and patterns of behavior that determine the commitment to, and the style and proficiency of an organizations health and safety management.


Safety Culture Assessment:

There are a few key ingredients to creating a successful safety culture within an organization. Commitments on a management level, employee level and personal level are all key elements of an effective safety culture.

Management Support for Safety - Managers need to be seen to demonstrate their commitment through their actions and lead by example and when it comes to health and safety. Without an active commitment from management to achieve a safety culture, there will usually be lower levels of motivation or concern for health and safety throughout the organization. Management commitment can be indicated by the resources (time, people, money) and support allocated to health and safety management. If management is not sincerely committed to safety, employees will generally assume they are expected to put business interests first, and safety programs will be undermined.

Employee Support for Safety - Active employee participation and good communication between employees at all levels is key to developing a safety culture. In a positive safety culture, questions about health and safety should be part of everyday work conversations. This can include observations, feedback, open communication and accountability. It is important to build ownership and use the expertise and unique knowledge each employee has. In companies with a strong safety culture, you will find that both management and employees feel that their safety program and achievements are the result of a joint effort.

Personal Responsibility for Safety - It is vital that every individual, regardless of their position or job, has a personal commitment and responsibility for the safety of themselves and others. Safety is a value that needs to be held by everyone. Ask yourself:
  • What is my attitude towards safety?
  • What is my company's safety culture?
  • What prevents employees, supervisors, managers and company owners from achieving total safety in the workplace?
  • How can I improve our safety culture today?

Safety culture is not enforceable, but an effective health and safety management program is. Improving workplace safety procedures, programs and systems can positively impact a company’s safety performance and safety culture. It is important to ensure safety manuals, on site documentation are always readily available to employees. Audits, inspections, policies, procedures, training, safety committees and incident reporting can be used to improve these tools and enhance your safety culture.