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Showing posts with label Workplace Safety. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Workplace Safety. Show all posts

Sunday, 26 April 2020

How to Improve Lone Worker Safety

How to Improve Lone Worker Safety

Lone workers occupy some of the most challenging and dangerous jobs. 

Workers Safety
Social workers, security officers, delivery agents, realtors and in-home healthcare providers, just to name a few, often spend great portions of the day away from their offices, peers and the security available in those familiar locations. Being alone and visiting unfamiliar and potentially volatile situations is a common challenge these lone workers face nearly every day. The constant fear of physical harm takes a toll on lone workers, and their lack of safety confidence can lead to a reduced level of performance, a lower level of engagement with the organization and increased employee turnover.

Organizations with lone workers have worked hard to improve the safety conditions of their remote employees. While each organization’s plan and safety device of choice may differ, just implementing a solution dedicated to protecting your people is a good start and a requirement to keep morale and performance at acceptable levels.
In a crowded marketplace of lone worker safety solutions, organizations are faced with many options for improving lone worker safety. Like all services some are better than others, offering superior workflows, features and benefits. Sorting through the available options becomes easier when the evaluation focuses on these four elements that can improve safety outcomes:

An Audible Alarm
During an attack, the immediate sounding of an audible alarm can help your workers communicate that they are not alone and send a warning to the aggressor, which can stall or halt an attack. Different smartphone safety apps provide alarms and alerts in a multitude of ways. Choose a product that allows your people to initiate the alarm without pressing any buttons or unlocking a phone, as these unnecessary steps take time.

A Strong Deterrent
Sometimes just having access to a safety system and law enforcement is enough to discourage an attacker. Having a visual deterrent, like a brightly-colored tether attached to a mobile phone, allows the worker to share information about their support and safety system. By letting a would-be aggressor know that pulling the tether will result in a notification to the police, the employee can operate more confidently while the potential aggressor will think twice about escalating a situation.

A Signal for Help
Lone worker safety applications (smartphone apps) give users the ability to notify employers and emergency personnel that help is needed via a simple action such as pulling a wrist tether from an unlocked phone. Once signaled, the appropriate authorities are immediately dispatched to the worker’s location, discovered via GPS monitoring from the user’s mobile device. In addition, previously-programmed information about the employee will be sent to the dispatch team, requiring the threatened worker to enter zero information while the event is taking place.

Improved Confidence

By providing your organization with the tools and resources to promote the well-being of your employees, you’re giving your workers the peace of mind that they are not alone. When workers feel safe, productivity remains intact and energy is geared towards getting the job done.

Furthermore, statistics show employee perceptions of safety drastically can impact job satisfaction and productivity, while reduced employee stress is crucial to an organization’s business operations.

Technology has changed the game for the lone worker, and that’s great news for the case workers, in-home healthcare professionals, realtors and other professionals who brave the real world every day to deliver their services. If you haven’t already, consider investing in a lone worker safety solution to arm your people with a strong deterrent, an audible alarm, a direct connection to law enforcement and improved safety confidence. Your workers don’t need to feel alone when they are out on a job and away from the security of the office.

Friday, 1 November 2019

Common Workplace Safety Violations @ Warehouse

Warehouse Safety

Common Workplace Safety Violations @ Warehouse

The most common workplace  safety violations in a warehouse are:

  • Forklift- The only people that use the forklift must be trained and certified to do so. You cannot operate any heavy machinery such as a forklift without being certified. An inexperienced driver can cause all sirts of problems. They will not know how to properly work the forklift and also may get into an accident. Many injuries occur from forklifts in a warehouse. Whether it was loaded incorrectly and the materials fell off or the person driving was not paying attention and hit someone or something. If you run into a shelf you run the risk of bring down the entire thing and everything on it.
  • Loading dock- violations can be anything from minor injuries to death in some cases. Violations on the loading dock include lifting incorrectly. When you are loading or unloading a truck you must be sure to use proper lifting safety techniques to reduce your chances of injury. All employees should be taught the correct way to lift objects before they even begin working. Another violation is clutter on the floors. Dirty floors with papers, trash or wet spots are a sure way to insure an accident will happen. You have to keep to loading dock floors swept ans dry at all times.
  • Personal Protective equipment- is often the least used safety product in the workplace. Many people think that personal protection is unnecessary since they have never been hurt on the job before. This is simple not true. Accidents can happen at anytime for any reason which is why they are called accidents. If you are not prepared for one than you could be risking your health or life. When working in a warehouse you should always wear sturdy slip proof work boots. If they have steel toes that is even better. The leather and steel will help keep your feet safe. You should also wear a back brace anytime you are going to be lifting. A brace will help relieve some of the pressure on your back muscles. Other safety gear that may be used in a warehouse are gloves, goggles and hard hats. Depending on the task you have been assigned that day.
  • Storage violations- are another major problem in warehouses. If you do not properly stack and store the boxes a number of accidents could occur. First the boxes could fall and possible land on a person working below. Second too much weight in one area of the storage racks and little or none in the others couls stress out the metals and cause a break. Finally if the storage racks are not properly installed they could collapse when pushed or even on their own under the stress.
  • Emergency exit- violations usually include fire exits that have been blocked and can not be accessed if needed in an emergency. It is important to make sure that all fire exits are clearly marked with lit exit signs. They must also be easily accessible to everyone. If there is something blocking the exit you must remove it immediately. Keep all exit hallways and stairwells clean and free of clutter at all times.
  • Lockout/tagout- violations can be deadly. The lockout tagout system is in place to make sure no one is injuried during general maintenance of machinery. It requires that two or more different people with separate keys lock a machine before it can be fixed or cleaned. This is to prevent the machine from accidentally being turned back on while it is being worked on. Often times people think the cleaning or repair will be quick and easy so there is no reason to go through the long process of locking the machine. That is not the case, you must lock the machine to prevent any injuries from occurring.
  • Communication- violations are when there are no signs warning employees of the dangers that are present in the area. If there is a chance of hearing loss due to loud noises you must post a sign that states earplugs are required in the area. You should post signs any place in the warehouse were a danger may be present. If there are chemicals used in the warehouse they must also be correctly labeled and stored in a clearly marked storage area. All companies are required by OSHA to have a material data safety sheet that is hung in an area where all employees have access to read it.
  • Hazardous materials- The handling of hazardous materials is a huge problem. If they are handled incorrectly at anytime it can cause devastating effect to everyone in the warehouse. All employees are required to be trained in handling hazardous materials. They should know how to properly dispose of them once they are finished with them. Incorrectly disposing of hazmat s can be dangers to the health and well being of all employees. Hazardous materials are classified as flammable, toxic, corrosive or bio-hazardous.
  • Fire- safety violations include not having or none operational fire extinguishers in the warehouse. Each area of the warehouse should have at least on extinguisher in case of an emergency. All employees should be trained how to properly use them if needed. You should also have a fire exit plan. This will be helpful if an emergency should ever occur. It will give everyone in the building a guide for what to do during any emergency where you are required to leave the warehouse.

Warehouse Safety

Warehouse Safety

Whether in a free-standing facility or an adjunct to a manufacturing operation, you should be aware of the hazards affecting warehousing employees.
Warehouse Safety

Safety concerns for production facilities with warehouses include conveyors, manual material handling, fire safety, chemical exposure, lockout/tagout, powered industrial trucks, housekeeping, air emissions, noise and ergonomics. Additional hazards found in warehousing include loading docks, material storage, fire safety and charging stations.

Several problems exist that affect the safe storage of materials. These include bad pallets,damaged racks, irregular dimensions, inadequate space, load limits of racks and mezzanines,lack of spacing between back-to-back racks and insufficient guarding on mezzanine.

Powered industrial trucks are vital to most warehouse operations. They pose great risk for endangering associates, property and products if operated improperly. That’s why only those employees who are trained and authorized by the employer may become operators.

In addition, potential causes exist that can lead to injuries from manual handling of materials. These include lifting, back sprains and strains, and hand injuries. The personal protective equipment (PPE) you wear will vary depending on what hazards are present. Proper PPE may include hard hats, safety shoes, gloves, aprons, eye and face protection, and hearing protection.

In addition, slips, trips and falls are a major source of injuries throughout any warehouse. Things that can cause a slip, trip or fall include:
  • Cords, hoses and banding material;
  • Carrying material with blocked vision;
  • Leaking containers, spilled liquids or slippery material;
  • Rain, snow or ice;
  • Paper;
  • Broken pallets;
  • Unguarded openings on elevated work platforms or levels;
  • Lack of safety harness when working in overhead racks;
  • Uneven floors, lack of handrails, floor holes;
  • Insufficient lighting.

Monday, 22 July 2019

Hand Injuries in the Workplace

Hand Injuries in the Workplace
Workplace Safety
All too often, hand injuries occur when employees are distracted and aren't focused on where they are or what they're doing. It's incredibly important for employers to eliminate as many distractions as possible.

The hands are among a worker's most valuable tools, used for everything from threading delicate electrical wires to cutting through a thick steel pipe. Yet, despite how often the hands are used, hand safety and injury prevention can often be overlooked by both employers and employees.

Every year many workers are sent to the emergency room each year because of serious hand injuries. From lacerations and cuts to burns and broken bones, these injuries can be costly for employers sometimes the cost of hand injuries, and the results may be surprising to some employers:
It's also important to note that these numbers don't account for the indirect costs, like time away from work and lost productivity due to long-term damage, that are associated with even minor hand injuries.

The good news is that with the right tools, resources and education, many workplace hand injuries can be prevented. In order to protect employees from injury and reduce workers' compensation costs, employers need to first understand the who, what, where, when, and why of hand injuries.

Who is At Risk for Hand Injuries?

Everyone is potentially at risk for hand injuries. Regardless of gender, age, or industry, employers should always take steps to protect employees from even minor bumps and bruises. However, there are certain groups of employees who may be at a higher risk. Less-experienced workers, for example, or those whom the Occupational Safety and Health Administration considers to be new to the workforce, may be at higher risk for injuries at work. Whether it's due to less on-the-job experience or a heightened sense of pressure to complete tasks quickly, employers should take special care especially with less-experienced workers. Make sure new hires feel comfortable speaking up about safety concerns and create a comfortable work environment where questions are both welcome and encouraged. Safety training is also an important step, especially for younger workers who are new to the industry and unfamiliar with common, and potentially hazardous, machinery and tools.

What Types of Hand Injuries Are the Most Common?

The hands are incredibly versatile, but they're also exposed to a variety of threats that can result in injuries ranging from minor cuts and bruises to serious lacerations and burns. Some of those injuries include lacerations, crushes, avulsions or detachments, punctures, and fractures.
  • Lacerations. Lacerations are deep cuts or tears in the flesh. While most lacerations are easily treated, nerve or tendon damage is possible if the cut is deep. This can result in longer recovery time and possible long-term damage.
  • Crushes. Crushes occur when a body part—in this case, the hand, wrist, or arm—is caught between heavy equipment or machinery and another hard surface, like the floor or a wall. Depending on severity, this type of injury often causes permanent damage, particularly in cases where the crush injury prevents blood supply to the muscles.
  • Avulsion fractures or detachments. Avulsion fractures are fractures that occur when a bone is moving one way and a tendon or ligament is moving or pulled in the opposite direction. A common avulsion injury occurs when a wedding ring or other piece of jewelry gets caught on machinery and pulls a small piece of bone that is attached to a tendon or ligament away from the main part of the bone. Detachments can occur the same way but are typically more serious and often involve entire fingers or hands becoming separated from the body.
  • Punctures. Punctures often involve sharp objects, such as nails, needles, knives, tacks, machinery, or other tools. Punctures occur when one of these objects penetrates the skin and causes a wound that is typically narrower and deeper than a cut or scrape.
  • Fractures. A fracture, or a break in one of the bones of the hand, is often caused by trips, falls, and crushes. Fractures occur in the bones of the wrist and typically require weeks to months of recovery time.

Where Are Hand Injuries the Most Common?

Hand injuries are not limited to just one industry. They happen every day across a wide variety of jobs, companies, and work sites. They range from carpal tunnel syndrome in an office setting to burns at a chemical plant.

However, employees who work in construction and manufacturing industries may be at greater risk for hand injuries. Construction, for example, not only involves the use of hammers, saws, and other tools, but also the regular use of large heavy machinery, including bulldozers, dump trucks, and cement mixers. These tools and machinery, when used incorrectly, pose a risk for possible hand and arm injuries through crushing, pinching, puncturing, and more. Employees in manufacturing also frequently operate large machinery, such as drill presses, lathes, and screw machines, that can pose a high risk for hand injuries.

When Are Hand Injuries Most Likely to Occur?

Hand injuries can occur anytime. However, all too often, hand injuries occur when employees are distracted and aren't focused on where they are or what they're doing. It's incredibly important for employers to eliminate as many distractions as possible, especially in work areas where there is frequent use of heavy machinery or power tools. Remind employees to stay alert and focused, and offer them the opportunity to take regular breaks to sit down, stretch, or take a walk
Why Are Hand Injuries So Common?

Hand injuries can often be blamed on distraction, lack of education, or disregard for safety procedures. While, yes, negligence and inattentiveness are certainly a reason for injury, there is also an opportunity to increase preventative equipment and resources. It is analysis that most of the workplace incidents ate happening due to lack of personal protective equipment or cut-resistant gloves were to blame.

How Can Employers Prevent Hand Injuries in the Workplace?

Preventing hand injuries in the workplace doesn't have to be time consuming for employers. In fact, simply establishing and enforcing a set of rules and expectations for workers alone can be beneficial. Additional steps can and should be taken to avoid costly injuries, time off work, and lack of productivity. Consider the following preventative measures:
  • Provide PPE Ensure workers are well equipped with personal protective equipment, such as gloves, that helps protect the hands from cuts, lacerations, chemical and thermal burns, electrical dangers, and more. When selecting the type of protective glove for your employees, there are several important factors to consider that may vary based on industry. Not all gloves are made equal. For example, buy gloves that are made of synthetic rubber to protect against chemical burns may not provide adequate protection against abrasions or cuts. Fabric gloves that protect against chafing may not be sufficient protection for workers who require heat protection. That's why it's important for employers to think about the types of chemicals handled, grip requirements, size and comfort, thermal protection, abrasion and resistance requirements, and duration of contact. Remember also to consider how much of the hand needs to be protected—is only the hand exposed, or does the entire forearm need protection, as well? 
  • Encourage education and set expectations : Employers should offer education about the tools and machinery used frequently at the work site. Implement a training program to help employees get to know equipment features and the location of important buttons, such as the emergency off switch. A training program also can help highlight danger zones on equipment, such as hot spots and pinch points. Employers also should hang a list of safety tips and workplace expectations in heavily trafficked areas, such as locker and break rooms. Remind employees to remove all rings, necklaces, earrings, and other jewelry before heading to the work site or onto the manufacturing floor, and to always wear gloves. Employees should always stay focused while handling heavy machinery and tools; help them do so by minimizing distractions in areas where potentially dangerous equipment is being used.
  • Have an open door policy : Employees should feel comfortable reporting safety issues they identify in the field to supervisors. Employers should often—if not always—be present and available. Remind employees that your door is always open to report possible safety issues immediately. If and when issues do arise, take it as an opportunity to schedule one-on-one time with each employee and review what happened, what could have prevented the problem, and any other safety procedures to remember. Open and honest communication between employee and supervisor is key when confronting safety issues head on, because employees are the eyes and the ears in the field.

Tools Safety : Angle Grinder Safety

Topic : Tools Safety

Angle Grinder Safety

Power Tool Safety

Angle grinders are used for metalwork and fabrication such as grinding down welds. They are commonly used in workshops, construction, service garages and auto body repair shops. Angle grinders can be dangerous due to the high rpm involved, sparks and bits of metal that fly off as they cut and the need to remove guards to make awkward grinds.

Hazards to watch for:

  1. Most angle grinder injuries are from metal particles lodging in the operator’s eye.
  2. Kickback, where the disc is thrust away from the object it is grinding, can result in severe cuts to hands, arms, head, torso and legs.
  3. Discs can shatter or explode, sending pieces flying across the work area.

Safe procedures to follow:
  • Wear wide vision goggles, or safety glasses and a face shield.
  • Always use the correct type of disc. Make sure the disc speed limit (rpm) is greater than the angle grinder operating speed.
  • Ensure the guard and handles are secure.
  • Ensure the correct flange and locking nut are used for the type of disc. Otherwise the disc can shatter at high speed.
  • Ensure the disc is not defective or damaged. 
  • Allow the grinder to “run up” to operating speed before applying it to the job.
  • Hold the grinder against the work piece with minimum pressure so the disc doesn’t “dig in” and cause it to kick back.
  • Never bump the grinder on to the work, or let the disc hit any other object while grinding.
  • Keep the grinding disc at a 15 to 30 degree angle to the work.
  • Ensure the work piece is held firmly in a bench vice when appropriate.
  • Keep the work at waist height during grinding.
  • Stop the grinder regularly to rest your hands and arms.
  • When not in use, disconnect the power and place the grinder on a bench with the disc facing upwards.
  • Never put a grinder down until the disc stops rotating.
  • Disconnect power before changing discs.
  • Never use a cut off wheel for grinding or a grinding disc for cutting.
  • Dispose of any disc that has been dropped. Cracked or weakened discs can shatter in use.

While angle grinders have several serious hazards, safe use will minimize those hazards.
Let’s review the major points that apply to our work here and my expectations.

Wednesday, 15 August 2018

Workplace safety tips

Workplace safety tips

Want to make your workplace safer, but unsure where to start? Or maybe you want to be sure you have all the basics covered before you delve deeper in a certain area.
Either way, these seven essentials safety tips will help make your organization a safer place to work.

1. Know the hazards.

To reduce your risk of work-related injury or illness, you must first know the particular hazards of your job or workplace.

Help identify hazards by downloading this free workplace safety analysis checklist . You can also learn about risks by analyzing all workplace injuries  to find the root causes and asking your staff for input.

2. Reduce workplace stress.

Job stress has been linked to health problems, higher healthcare costs, increased risk of workplace accidents and more. Take steps to prevent stress from interfering with employees’ productivity, health and well-being with these strategies to reduce stress in the workplace.

3. Get up and move.

Encourage employees to take breaks and move around regularly throughout the day. Simply working in small breaks for movement can make a big difference in combating the dangers of staying in a static position all day long.

4. Pay attention to ergonomics.

Use ergonomically designed furniture and equipment , and rearrange work areas to maintain a neutral posture and keep everything within easy reach.

5. Use safe lifting techniques.

Use four safe moves when picking up and carrying heavy loads: Lift from a position of power, keep the load close to your body, use a staggered stance and don’t twist.
And watch the weight — the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommends limiting manual lifting to a maximum of 35 pounds for the average person. Check out more safe lifting techniques or our lifting safety video  to see the technique in action.

6. Ensure employees wear personal protective equipment.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) can dramatically reduce risk of injury if worn correctly. Examples of PPE include gear such as earplugs, hard hats, safety goggles, gloves, full-face masks and safety shoes.

7. Encourage employees to speak up.

Ask for input from employees often, and ensure everyone feels comfortable bringing safety hazards to their supervisors’ attention.

Workplace safety matters to every industry

Workplace safety matters to every industry

When we think about workplace safety, images of construction workers hanging off skyscrapers or power line technicians in cherry pickers often pop into our heads, but there are hazards in any

1. Workplace
2. Office environments.

The top three causes of workplace injuries were:
  • Slips, trips and falls
  • Overexertion in lifting (such as a strain or sprain caused by lifting something too heavy)
  • Contact with an object or equipment (being hit by something)
While some injuries might be unlikely in an office or other relatively low-risk environment, certainly a slip-and-fall or lifting injury is possible anywhere.

Reducing hazards as much as possible and training employees about the risks can go a long way toward prevention.

Sunday, 12 August 2018

Scaffold Safety

Scaffold Safety 
All employees that would need to utilize scaffolding must be trained by a qualified person to recognize the hazards associated with the type of scaffold being used and how to control or minimize those hazards. And only a competent person is responsible for overseeing the erection and dismantling of all Scaffolding as well as performing daily inspections of the scaffold.
Scaffold Safety
The training must include: fall hazards, falling object hazards, electrical hazards, proper use of the scaffold, and handling of materials.

Scaffold inspection includes:
  • Placement of scaffold relative to energized power lines.
  • Verification that the correct scaffold is being used considering loads, materials, workers, and weather.
  • Scaffold is structurally secure (framing, plank integrity, plank placement, guardrails, etc.)
  • Scaffold has safe access.
  • Scaffold placement from structure.
Additional requirements include:
  • Provision of falling object protection.
  • Hard hats.
  • Use braces, tie-ins and guying as described by the scaffold’s manufacturer at each end.
If you regularly utilize scaffolding or plan to use scaffolding as a part of your job, please visit the following links for detailed requirements:

A scaffold is an elevated, temporary work platform. There are two basic types:

Supported scaffolds consist of one or more platforms supported by rigid, load- bearing members, such as poles, legs, frames, outriggers, etc. Other types of equipment, principally scissor lifts and aerial lifts, can be regarded as other types of supported scaffolds.

Suspended scaffolds are one or more platforms suspended by ropes or other non-rigid, overhead support.

Wednesday, 8 August 2018

Three (3) - Point Shot Defeats Slips, Trips, and Falls

Three (3) - Point Shot Defeats Slips, Trips, and Falls 

The opposition! Slips, Trips, and Falls (ST&Fs) account for 20% of all work related injuries each year. Many of these injuries occur when a worker climbs in or out of heavy equipment, trucks, or trailers.

Falls from portable ladders and slips on stairways are also included in these accident numbers. Inclement weather, poor housekeeping, defective equipment, rushing to get the job done, and lack of hand supports all increase the chances for injury.

Most of these incidents result in injuries to shoulders, arms, backs and ankles. The winning team! “3-point shot” or the “3-point rule” provides the winner’s edge to defeat ST&Fs.

  • The “3-point rule” states that you should have 3 of the 4 critical points of your body (2 hands and 2 feet) in contact at all times when entering and / or exiting a vehicle. This will provide maximum stability and support, and maintains balance to reduce the chances for slips and falls.
  • Always follow the “3 point rule” (2 hands and a foot or 2 feet and a hand) when climbing ladders. Keep your body near the middle of the step. Always face the ladder when climbing.
  • When using stairways always use the handrail for support and to maintain the “3 point rule.”
Count on the “3-point rule” to greatly reduce your chances for injury when entering or exiting a vehicle, climbing a ladder, or using the stairs. Read and practice the playbook:
  • Maintain good housekeeping so that your work surfaces are clean and free of debris.
  • Wear footwear that provides good support and slip resistance. Take the time to safely plan your next step. Don’t rush! Don’t jump!
  • Place objects that would prevent you from maintaining 3-point contact either on the  vehicle seat or in a pocket.
  • Face the vehicle or ladder when climbing up or down.
Be a Winner! The “3-point rule” provides the winning shot over ST&Fs – every time!

Saturday, 4 August 2018

Asbestos: Elimination of asbestos-related diseases

Asbestos: Elimination of asbestos-related diseases

Key facts
  • Million of people in the world are exposed to asbestos at the workplace.
  • All forms of asbestos, including chrysotile, are carcinogenic to humans.
What is asbestos?
Asbestos is a group of naturally occurring fibrous minerals with current or historical commercial usefulness due to their extraordinary tensile strength, poor heat conduction, and relative resistance to chemical attack. For these reasons, asbestos is used for insulation in buildings and as an ingredient in a number of products, such as roofing shingles, water supply lines, and fire blankets, as well as clutches and brake linings, gaskets, and pads for automobiles. 

The main forms of asbestos are chrysotile (white asbestos) and crocidolite (blue asbestos). Other forms include amosite, anthophylite, tremolite and actinolite.
Why is asbestos a problem? 
All forms of asbestos are carcinogenic to humans. Exposure to asbestos, including chrysotile, causes cancer of the lung, larynx, and ovaries, and also mesothelioma (a cancer of the pleural and peritoneal linings). Asbestos exposure is also responsible for other diseases such as asbestosis (fibrosis of the lungs), and plaques, thickening and effusion in the pleura.

Currently, million people in the world are exposed to asbestos at the workplace. Approximately half of the deaths from occupational cancer are estimated to be caused by asbestos. In addition, it is estimated that several thousand deaths annually can be attributed to exposure to asbestos in the home.

It has also been shown that co-exposure to tobacco smoke and asbestos fibres substantially increases the risk for lung cancer – and the heavier the smoking, the greater the risk.

What about asbestos substitute materials? 
Many fibre substitutes for chrysotile asbestos assessed by WHO pose a relatively low hazard to human health, though, the carcinogenic hazard of some fibre substitutes was found to be high. However, there are many non-fibre low hazard materials that can substitute for chrysotile asbestos in various uses, such as conventional building materials.
WHO response 
The World Health Assembly resolution 58.22 on cancer prevention urges Member States to pay special attention to cancers for which avoidable exposure is a factor, including exposure to chemicals at the workplace and in the environment. 

With resolution 60.26, the World Health Assembly requested WHO to carry out a global campaign for the elimination of asbestos-related diseases "…bearing in mind a differentiated approach to regulating its various forms - in line with the relevant international legal instruments and the latest evidence for effective interventions…". Cost-effective interventions for prevention of occupational lung diseases from exposure to asbestos are among the policy options for implementing the "Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases" (2013-2020), as endorsed by the Sixty-sixth World Health Assembly in resolution WHA66.10 in 2013.

Eliminating asbestos-related diseases is particularly targeted at countries still using chrysotile asbestos, in addition to assistance in relation to exposures arising from historical use of all forms of asbestos. 

WHO, in collaboration with the International Labour Organization and other intergovernmental organizations and civil society, works with countries towards elimination of asbestos-related diseases by:
  • Recognizing that the most efficient way to eliminate asbestos-related diseases is to stop the use of all types of asbestos;
  • Providing information about solutions for replacing asbestos with safer substitutes and developing economic and technological mechanisms to stimulate its replacement;
  • Taking measures to prevent exposure to asbestos in place and during asbestos removal (abatement);
  • Improving early diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation services for asbestos-related diseases;
  • Establishing registries of people with past and/or current exposures to asbestos and organizing medical surveillance of exposed workers; and
  • Providing information on the hazards associated with asbestos-containing materials and products, and by raising awareness that waste containing asbestos should be treated as hazardous waste.

Sunday, 29 July 2018

Minimizing Workplace Injuries by Maximize Efficiency

Minimizing Workplace Injuries by Maximize Efficiency

From unexpected falls to machinery mishaps, accidents at work are unpredictable and can happen to anyone many injuries are reported in private industry employers. Putting in the extra effort to guarantee your work environment is safe shows employees you care about their well-being and may help improve workforce morale and productivity.

By taking action and following these precautionary steps, you can prevent common workplace injuries and protect your employees.


Falls have the unfortunate (but unsurprising) distinction of being the most common type of work injury. In one swift movement, you can hurt your body and your dignity. Slips, trips, and falls often can be avoided by keeping work spaces free of clutter; less to trip over means fewer injuries.
Keep walkways clear, boxes and files organized and properly stored, and electrical cords secured and covered. Use drip pans and guards when dealing with a liquid, and clean any spill immediately. Placing rugs and other skid-resistant surfaces in areas that might become slippery when wet can reduce falls.

Safety Tip: Add extra rugs in entryways to prevent slippery floors during rainy and snowy seasons.
Employees should refrain from standing on chairs, especially those with wheels. If you need assistance with something out of reach, use a step ladder that is placed on firm, level ground, or connect with the on-site specialist or maintenance team. The National Safety Council also suggests keeping vision lines clear by installing convex mirrors to improve sight lines when turning corners.

Struck or Caught By Objects

Being struck by or caught on an object is another common concern. Stack boxes straight up and down, but avoid piling them to the point where they become unstable. Remember to store heavy objects close to the floor to help lower the risk of being injured if a cabinet or bookshelf falls over. Beware of fully-extended file cabinet drawers because the cabinets are prone to toppling over.

Equipment Usage

Misusing equipment is one of the most prevalent causes of workplace injuries. Each staff member should be thoroughly trained on how to use equipment common to daily tasks and operations. Additionally, ensure each piece of equipment is used for its intended purpose and handled correctly. Regularly cleaning and inspecting equipment also can help certify that it's safe to use. If needed, confirm employees are wearing protective clothing such as safety glasses, helmets, or gloves when operating equipment to provide extra protection, and follow safety compliance.

Fire Safety

Fire hazards remain an ongoing concern. Start taking safety precautions by making sure all electrical cords are in good condition, because damaged cords can be a serious problem. Limit the use of space heaters and never leave one unattended. If you do need to use a space heater, keep it away from paper products and confirm it has a fail-safe for turning off if it tips over. Keep fire escape routes clear, and never block or shut off fire sprinklers. Verify all staffers are aware of the company's fire exit strategy by holding annual fire drills. Annually review fire alarms and extinguishers to be sure they are working and up to date.

If using combustible materials in the work environment, keep only the amount needed on hand and store materials in fire-safe containers in an assigned storage area. Using industrial vacuums to frequently clean work spaces also helps prevent dust accumulation and fires.

Substance Control

Drug addiction is affecting people from all walks of life, including your employees. Employees under the influence are more likely to be involved in an on-the-job accident because of impaired judgement, response time, and reflexes. Is your workplace current with drug testing policies? Expand existing policies to include commonly prescribed medications (opioids), as well as illicit drugs and alcohol. Implementing this type of testing establishes the use of drugs and can allow the employer to help the employee seek help for drug addiction.

Employers can start the conversation by educating their workforce about what's expected from the drug testing program and what resources they can access through the company Employee Assistance Program (EAP). An EAP helps facilitate support by connecting employees with ongoing resources to stay clean and find healthier stress solutions outside of drug use. Drug testing is the first step in recognizing a problem and will keep and support a safe workplace.

Take Breaks

Many work-related injuries occur when a worker is tired and isn't paying close attention to surrounding dangers. Whether you're sitting at a computer all day or doing manual labor, it's important to take breaks to rest your mind and your body.

While workplace injuries can never fully be avoided, they can be decreased. Administrative staff play a key role when identifying and eliminating potentially harmful conditions. When conducting workplace walk-throughs, take this list of safety tips and see how many can be applied to your current work environment. Talk to employees about their needs and concerns, educate them on safety procedures, and establish a reporting system for potential hazards so that issues can be addressed before they cause a future workplace injury.

Monday, 9 July 2018



Let's hope you never need one, but if you do let's hope it's clean and accessible. If you get foreign particles in your eyes or a chemical spill on your body, an emergency eyewash station or deluge shower is the most important initial step in first-aid treatment. Chemical burns to the eye are among the most urgent of emergencies.

An eyewash/shower is required if:

  • The Material Safety Data Sheet indicates a chemical in use is caustic, toxic, or corrosive.
  • The MSDS informs that serious eye damage may result.
  • Warnings such as "causes chemical burns" or "causes permanent eye damage" are posted on container labels.
Eyewash/showers in addition must have the following:
  • Pure clean water
  • Hands free operation
  • Constant water flow rate for a full 15 minutes
  • Highly visible markings and signs
  • Unobstructed access
Accessibility: The single most important treatment for chemically-burned eyes is copious irrigation within seconds of injury. This means that victims should not have to climb over or around obstacles to find the eyewash station. Make sure there are no barriers to the unit.

Clean, Functional Equipment: Deluge showers should be inspected often to insure they function properly with adequate water flow, and are clean and sanitary. Portable eyewash units are an option in areas where plumbed in water is not accessible or of high enough quality. Portable units also need an anti-bacterial additive to ensure proper water sanitation. Flushing with any water is better than none, but purified water reduces potential for secondary eye infections.

Training in Proper Use: Employees who are exposed to possible chemical splashes must know in advance how to use an eyewash/deluge station properly:

  • Immediately after the accident, flood the eye with water or eyewash solution, using fingers to keep the eye open as wide as possible. Water may be colder than body temperature, which can be uncomfortable, but it is imperative to irrigate for the recommended period of time.
  • Roll the eyeball as much as possible, to remove any loose particles retained under the eyelids.
  • The eyes should be irrigated for at least 15 minutes, and the victim transported to a medical facility immediately. Continue irrigation of eyes during transport. The best way to accomplish this may be to have a portable eye-wash system ready, that can be carried along.
  • It's easy to forget about eye-wash stations or showers until they are needed in an emergency.
  • Report the incident to the  concerned department and safety department

    Don't let yours become buried or covered with dust. It could save your sight!Do not put anything except water into the eyes to remove particles.


Painter Safety


Painters apply coatings and paint to interior and exterior building surfaces with a variety of job sites, chemical use, and physical and ergonomic demands.

A lot of painting work is done from heights. Inspect ladders daily, set them properly, and work from ladders safely. Make sure a qualified person properly installed your scaffolding. Don’t use makeshift ladders or scaffolds that could fail and cause a fall. Know when to use fall protection and how to use it properly.

Read the material safety data sheet (MSDS) to learn about the chemicals in paints and surface preparation materials you use. Even though a material may be water-based and labeled “green,” it can still contain hazardous ingredients. Good ventilation protects you from paint fumes. Spray booths, fans, open doors, and windows can move fresh air into your workspace.

Choose and wear proper personal protective equipment. Goggles or safety glasses protect your eyes from paint splashes during application and mixing. Gloves and coveralls protect your skin from absorbing chemicals. Wear a respirator to protect yourself from dusts, spray paint droplets, and the fumes from solvents and paints.
Painter Safety

Preparing surfaces by sanding and cleaning can expose you to dust. Get trained in the building hazards of asbestos, mold, and lead. Make sure that trained workers clean up these hazards before you disturb them and make them airborne. Practice good hygiene by washing up during and after work. Keep your work clothes and shoes separate from your family to prevent cross-contamination at home.

Painting is a physical job, so maintain your overall health and fitness. Choose the correct tools for your job task. Use tool handles long enough to prevent you from over-reaching. Handles should be soft, non-slip, and fit your hand. Try different models until you get a comfortable fit.

Painting involves repetitive movements and awkward positions. Rotate your job tasks during the day and take rest breaks to prevent fatigue. Use proper lifting techniques to protect your back. Wear comfortable work boots with non-slip soles that will support your feet as you stand all day.



Everyday activities like driving, going to work, or walking down the street include some risk to your personal safety. Many workers commute long distances or have mobile jobs and contact with the public. Either through crime or circumstance, people and events can be unpredictable. You can’t avoid all risk but it isn’t wise to act without taking precautions. The best approach is to assess the risks involved with an activity and take the safety measures that are required and logical.

Your best safety tools are your brain and common sense. Think how you would handle various emergency situations and create a safety plan for each one. Arrange to contact coworkers and family members after a disaster such as an earthquake. When driving, consider where you would steer if there was an oncoming car or an accident. If you are attacked, decide if you will resist and how. Preparation before an emergency can keep you calm and making the right choices.

When leaving the office, notify someone where you will be and when you will return. Plan your route and take a map. Have your keys ready and look inside your car before getting in. Keep car doors locked and windows rolled up while you are driving. Never pick up hitchhikers, and report accidents or stranded cars from a telephone instead of stopping at the scene. Park in well-lit areas and check the surroundings before getting out.

On the street, keep to the inside of the sidewalk. Try to walk facing the oncoming traffic to watch for careening cars and prevent someone from pulling you into one. If you carry a purse or bag, be prepared to let it go if it is grabbed. Don’t wear headphones while walking – you won’t hear someone approaching you. Self defense and safety awareness classes may help you feel more secure when you are out and about.

Procedure / Statutory requirement for Discard

Fire Extinguisher

Procedure / Statutory requirement for Discard

"Guideline is given in IS 2190. Same is attached herewith for your reference."


The rejected fire extinguishers should be cut centrally across the body and made unusable before disposal so as to prohibit their subsequent use. The date of rejection and the mode disposal should be recorded in the register fire extinguisher.

We need to consider the life of extinguishers also for discarding the same from service.

Below info is for your reference.
Refilling and Maintenance of Fire Extinguisher
As per IS 2190
Type Of Fire Extinguisher
Life of Fire
Hydraulic Pressure Test
Water Type- stored Pressure
10 Yrs
2 Yrs
3 yrs

Mechanical Foam Type-Stored Pressure
10 Yrs
2 Yrs
3 yrs

BC & ABC Type
10 Yrs
3 yrs
3 yrs

Water Type -Gas Cartridge-9 litre
10 Yrs
3 yrs
3 yrs

Mechanical Foam Type--Gas Cartridge-9 litre
10 Yrs
5 yrs
3 yrs

Water Type -Gas Cartridge-50 litre
10 Yrs
5 yrs
3 yrs

Mechanical Foam Type--Gas Cartridge-50 litre
10 Yrs
5 yrs
3 yrs

Carbon Dioxide type-Portable & trolley Mounted
15 Yrs
5 yrs
5 yrs

BC & ABC Type -Trolley Mounted
10 Yrs
5 yrs
3 yrs

DCP for Metal Fires
10 Yrs
5 yrs
3 yrs

Clean Agents
10 Yrs
5 yrs
3 yrs

Life of extinguishers shall be considered from date of manufacture of extinguishers.
In case of failure in hydraulic pressure testing, extinguisher shall be rejected immediately before the life time given above.

As per the IS 2190, Annex D & E, under clauses 4.6.1, 12.3, 12.2.1 & 12.2.2; refilling & HPT (Hydraulic Pressure Testing) for fire extinguishers as below;
Refilling & HPT schedule/frequency
Sr. No.
Water type-stored Pressure
Once in 2 years
Mechanical Foam
Once in 2 years
Once in 3 years
Water type-Co2 cartridge
Once in 5 years
Once in 3 years
Once in 5 years
Every time when cylinder sent for refilling
DCP-for metal fire
Once in 5 years
Once in 3 years
Once in 3 years
Every time when cylinder sent for refilling
DCP- cartridge
Once in 5 years
Once in 3 years


In corrosive environments, it is desirable to have the discharge test carried out at half the frequency mentioned.
Every extinguisher installed in premises shall be hydraulically pressure tested as per the schedule mentioned above.
There shall not be any leakage or visible distortion. Extinguishers which fails in this requirement shall be replaced.
The hydraulic pressure testing should be carried out such that at least one-third (1/3) of the extinguishers installed in a premises are tested as per Annex E every
Discharge Test: All extinguishers installed in a premises irrespective of being used in a live fire condition shall be subjected to an operational test as per the frequency mentioned above. The operation test should be carried out in such a frequency, keeping in view the frequency given in Annex D, so that at least 50% of the fire extinguishers installed in premises are subjected to discharge test. If more than 10% of extinguishers, subjected to discharge test fail during the testing, then all the extinguishers installed in the premises shall be subjected to the discharge test
Gas Cartridge: If there is loss of more than 10% of original mass, these should be sent for re-charging & replaced with fresh charge.
Spares: It is important that a minimum of 10% of the number of various types of extinguishers on charge) replacement charges/refills should always be available in stock so that discharged extinguishers can be re-charged/replaced.
Maintenance of Fire Extinguishers: Basic Points

1. Examination for obvious physical damage, corrosion, leakage, or clogged nozzle
2. Examine the inside surface of the cylinder as well as the surface of the containers for the condition of plating, for any rust formation, etc
3. Examine valve assembly, discharge hose, nozzle, strainer, vent holes, siphon tube and clean
4. Examine sealing washers, siphon tube and hose ( if fitted ), and replace washers, if necessary
5. Clean vent holes
6. Ensure all joints are fully tightened and the nozzle vent holes are free of dust/dirt.
7. Pressure gauge reading or indicator in the parable range or position
8. Ensure that there is no residual pressure in any hose and/or nozzle assembly, will unscrew the cap or valve assembly slowly for two or three turns only, to allow any residual pressure to escape via the vent holes.
9. All sealing components should be cleaned and properly lubricated
10. Fullness determined by weighing or lifting.
11. Open out the cartridge type extinguishers and will ensure cartridge weight (should not be less than 10 to 15% of total weight)
12. Ensure for correct labelling, replace if required
13. Ensure all joints are fully tightened. Etc.